The international Human Brain Project, which was realized with the participation of 135 scientific institutions, mostly from European countries, and which will last for 10 years, was started.
The research, whose total cost is expected to reach 1 billion dollars, is partially funded by the European Union. The aim of the project, known as 'The Human Brain Project' in English, or HBP for short, is to develop technologies that will transfer the functioning of the human brain to the computer environment.
In addition, it is aimed to create a database by bringing together tens of thousands of published brain studies every year.
100 billion nerve cells
Current computer technology is not at a level that can mimic the functions of the brain.
But in the next decade, it is predicted that supercomputers may approach the ability to work as fast and complex as the human brain.
Scientific circles liken the Human Brain Project to the Human Genome Project, in which the genetic map of the human being is drawn.
The Genome Project took place over a decade with the contributions of thousands of researchers from around the world.
But the Human Brain Project does not promise to make a complete map of the brain. This process is an extremely complex task for human beings at the moment.
The human brain contains 100 billion nerve cells and 100 trillion synaptic connections.
Within the scope of the project, limited simulations of the brain will be created. University of Manchester researchers, for example, are working on a model that will mimic 1 percent of the brain.
The scientist at the head of this study, Steve Furber, is considered among the pioneers of computer technology.
"I've built conventional computers throughout my career," said Furber. We've witnessed their performance grow so dramatically. However, it is still a very difficult task for a computer to perform some of the simplest instinctive reactions of humans. A newborn baby can immediately recognize his mother when he sees it. But developing a computer that will recognize a particular person in the same way is a very difficult matter.” says.
Researchers predict that one of the major advances in information technology in the next decade will be "neuromorphic" computers. In other words, it is aimed that machines have the capacity to learn like the human brain.