2013 Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry Martin Karplus (University de Strasbourg/Harvard) Michael Levitt (Stanford), Arieh Warshel (University of Southern California) among 3 scientists “for their work in the development of multi-scale models for complex chemical systems.” shared.
The Academy said, “Computer models that reflect real life have been the pioneers of breakthroughs in chemistry. "The three names succeeded in juxtaposing Newton's classical physics studies with quantum physics, which had a different basis."
Martin Karplus, US and Austrian citizen. Born in Vienna, Austria in 1930. Ph.D. Technology, CA, USA California Institute 1953. Professeur Conventionné, Université de Strasbourg, France and Theodore William Richards Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Michael Levitt is a US, British and Israeli citizen. Pretoria, South Africa 1947. PhD University of Cambridge, England 1971. Robert W. and Vivian K. Cahill Professor of Cancer Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
Arieh Warshel, US and Israeli citizen. Born in 1940 in Kibbutz Sde-Nahum, Israel. Ph.D. Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel, 1969. Distinguished Professor, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.