The 9th Congress and Lab EXPO 2013, organized by the KILINIK Biochemistry Experts Association, started in Antalya. Domestic and foreign biochemistry experts attended the congress held at Su Hotel between 24-28 September.
Providing information about the congress, KBUD President and Fırat University Medical Biochemistry Department lecturer Prof.Dr. Necip İlhan said that the congress was different from the others because it had international participation and the concept of EXPO was developed. Noting that the aim of the congress is to bring biochemistry experts together with different scientists from the world and Turkey, Prof. Dr. İlhan stated that they aim to follow scientific developments closely and contribute to their education.
PROBLEMS WILL BE TALKED
Noting that one of the main themes of the congress is the effect of preanalytical systems and error sources on the laboratory, Prof. Dr. İlhan said:
“Our association has nearly 700 members and is one of the largest associations in its field in Turkey. In this congress, we will organize 10 conferences, 4 courses and 6 panels. Their main purpose is to contribute to our colleagues scientifically. The congress will last for 4 days, and at the end of this, a forum will be held on the problems encountered in the laboratory field in Turkey, the possibilities for their solution, and at the same time on personal rights. Representatives from the Ministry of Health will also participate in this.”
MORE THAN 500 EXPERTS ATTENDED
Emphasizing that another important issue in the congress is medical biochemistry specialization training in Turkey, Prof. Dr. İlhan said, “We have meetings on the integration of biochemistry specialization education with the world. 12 scientists from abroad participate. We have around 500 colleagues from Turkey as well,” he said.
Participating in the congress, Karadeniz Technical University (KATU) Faculty of Medicine Head of Biochemistry Department Prof. Dr. Asım Örem said that due to the lack of specialist personnel in bloodletting in Turkey, mistakes can be made in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. prof. Dr. Asım Örem talked about how important laboratory results are for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the disease. Stating that the laboratory results affect this process by 85%, Prof. Dr. Asım Örem stated that getting correct results from the laboratory is the most important factor.
BIGGEST ERROR IMPROPER TEST REQUEST
Stating that nearly 70 percent of the mistakes made in the laboratory in Turkey are due to the pre-device stage called analysis, Prof. Dr. Örem said, “The first of these is the inappropriate test request. It is the requesting of unnecessary and undesirable tests from the patient. The second is related to the sample to be taken. If the sample is not taken in accordance with the standards, the disturbing effects that will arise from this will affect the laboratory tests. In taking these tests incorrectly, mistakes can be made in taking blood from a wrong patient, incorrectly barcoding the blood, the lack of adequate training of the person receiving the blood, delays in sending the blood to the laboratory, and then preparing the blood for analysis.
IMPROPER APPLICATION CAUSES ERRORS
Emphasizing that the first of the mistakes made in the laboratory is the process called hemolysis, which gives the blood its red color after separation, Prof. Dr. Örem said, “You take blood from the wrong patient, the result of another patient goes to someone else. Barcoding is an important thing for the laboratory. It should be pulled gradually. You shouldn't say 'I got it, ok' and go. You have to pass the level with 100 percent confidence," he said.
THERE IS A LACK OF EXPERT IN BLOOD COLLECTION
Emphasizing that there is a shortage of specialist personnel in bloodletting in Turkey, Prof. Dr. Asım Örem, “These are called 'phlebotomists'. There is a great deficiency in our country in this regard. It is usually taken by nurses in hospitals, and by different people in university hospitals, so the difference in the education of the people increases the errors considerably. This group of phlebotomists should be standardized and trained in the near future. Hospitals need to determine who gets blood,” she said.