Recent Studies Are Trying to Obtain Multi-Purpose Energies from Algae. The methods used to obtain energy have brought environmental pollution with them. With the increase in demand for energy in recent years, people have turned to alternative energy sources. Bio-fuels have been the last method used to reduce the use of fossil fuels. As a result of this, recent studies are trying to obtain energy from algae.
A group that wants to provide the solution to the world's energy problem from water is trying to obtain bio-fuel from algae within the scope of the European Union project. Project manager Julie Maguire said that algae don't need fertilization, they need a minimal amount of space.
Expressing that algae develop very quickly, Maguire continues: “They become the most developed in 6 months. By processing algae, it can produce at least 7 to 31 times more oil than even the most fertile soil. There is still a long way to go, but think about it ten years ago, if we said we were going to make gasoline from algae and use it in the car, we would probably have been ridiculed.”
PRODUCING GASOLINE FROM ALGAE
Emphasizing that it is possible to produce biodiesel fuel from some algae, Irish researchers also focus their studies on these. The research team is researching protozoa that can provide fat, something that seems most difficult to scientists. Researcher Fiona Moejes emphasizes that growing algae in macro and micro scales is easy, but the process of obtaining oil is complex and difficult. For this, they need to find the lowest cost and least resource consuming method.
MOSSLY ENERGY TO BUILDINGS
The future dream of Ennesys de Nanterre engineers in France is to ensure that a building's wastewater, heating and electricity production are obtained from micro algae. They will meet this from the building's wastewater. The reason is explained by the fact that the used water contains organic elements and these elements act as fertilizer for micro algae.
Ennesys Managing Director, Jean-Louis Kindler, describes the project phase as follows: “We collect the building's wastewater. Then, by diluting this water, we create a suitable environment for micro algae. Micro algae feed on organic elements found in wastewater. So they sprout. We then obtain oil and vegetable biomass from these algae. The resulting oil can be used as fuel. For example, we used it for a lamp here. So we can generate energy for electricity or heating.”
IT WILL BE PRODUCED BY LIGHT
The natural fuel, which will be produced thanks to the photo bioreactors on the roofs, will be transported to all parts of the building through transparent pipes. This method was developed because the separations previously provided by centrifuges have excessive energy consumption. The fuel produced is equivalent to coal and of the same quality as rainwater.
THEY GROW EVERYWHERE
Algae can grow wherever there is enough sun, water, and carbon dioxide. They also act as filters for some substances that may be harmful to fish.
Source : ntvmsnbc