Energy was produced from the bacteria of the Golden Horn… A revolution in energy from the scientists of Yıldız Technical University (YTU). YTU Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Bestamin Özkaya and his team succeeded in lighting the LED lamp with electricity produced from bacteria.
'Energy', which is seen as one of the most important problems of the 21st century, directs scientists to do more research on this issue. The increasing costs of fossil fuels and the damage they cause to the environment make it necessary to turn to alternative renewable energy sources. Considering this situation, scientists are undertaking important projects to diversify renewable energy sources.
A team of YTU faculty members signed an interesting project. YTU Environmental Engineering Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Developed under the leadership of Bestamin Özkaya, the project made an important step forward in the field of renewable energy.
BACTERIA WAS TAKEN FROM THE BASE OF THE HALIC
In the project, which is the first in Turkey, scientists from YTU succeeded in producing electrical energy from bacteria. The two projects, which received support of 500 thousand liras by TÜBİTAK, have been continuing for about 5 years. Bacteria taken from the floor of the Golden Horn were inoculated and multiplied in the laboratory environment. The system works by storing the energy produced by the bacteria growing in the reactor during the purification process.
“BIOLOGICAL BATTERY NEVER dies”
prof. Dr. Bestamin Ozkaya said:
“The system where the electricity produced from bacteria is stored is called 'Microbial Fuel Cells'. The working principle of Microbial Fuel Cells is the same as normal batteries. Microbial Fuel Cells are also in an important position for alternative energy sources in terms of both their potential to obtain energy and their environmental friendliness. This chemistry of batteries has the same characteristics as the reactions in microbial fuel cells, in which microorganisms break down food. Microorganisms in the anode compartment of the fuel cell generate electrons from the oxidation of organic matter, and the electrons are collected at the anode electrode and transmitted to the cathode electrode through an external resistor, thus forming a biological battery.
THE MOST IMPORTANT ROLE GOES TO BACTERIA
The responsible of the project, YTU Environmental Engineering Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Bestamin Özkaya emphasized that environmental pollution reaching dangerous levels necessitates alternative sources to be environmentally friendly. Özkaya said, “The most important role in the production phase falls on the bacteria, which has the ability to clean the waste. The energy they release is stored thanks to the mechanism used.” Özkaya said: “We produce direct electric current by fermenting the organic matter in the waste water by giving domestic waste water.” said.
Source : evening