British scientist Frederick Sanger, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice for his work, died at the age of 95.
Considered one of the "world's greatest scientists" and one of the "true heroes of British science", biochemist Sanger had earned the title of "father of genetics" by pioneering the methods that led to the sequencing of DNA's building blocks. Sanger, the only British scientist to win the Nobel Prize twice, also developed techniques for determining the structure of proteins.
Born in 1918 in Gloucestershire, England, Sanger had graduated from Cambridge University with a degree in Biochemistry, although he decided to follow in his father's footsteps. Sanger won the first Nobel Prize in 1958 for developing techniques that reveal the chemical structure of proteins. By examining the amino acids that make up proteins, Sanger discovered which amino acids the hormone insulin consists of.
Sanger, who later became interested in DNA, was able to reveal the genome sequence of a virus. Sanger was awarded the Nobel Prize for the second time in 1980 for the series that bears his name.
Sanger continued to work until he was 65, then retired to spend more time in his beloved garden.
source : hurriyet