The surprise production of methane hydrate, also known as "burning ice", which is known as the energy source of the future in the world, has changed international energy calculations.
The National Methane Hydrate Project has been prepared so that Turkey, which is determined to have very large resources, can progress in reserve determination and production.
Dokuz Eylul University (DEU) Marine Sciences and Technology Department Head Prof. Dr. Günay Çifçi, in her statement, drew attention to the urgent need for Turkey to implement the National Methane Hydrate Project and commission new ships.
Stating that methane hydrate, which is formed by the trapping of methane gas in solid ice pieces due to high pressure and low temperature, was detected for the first time in the world in 1974 in the Black Sea, by Soviet scientists, Çifçi said that methane hydrate, which can provide 1 cubic meters of natural gas from 164 cubic meter, accounts for 53 percent of the world's fossil fuel resources. He said he had a reputation.
In order to determine this resource and use it in energy, projects have been announced one after the other, especially after the 2000s, universities and institutes from countries such as the USA, Germany, Russia and France have been carrying out scientific projects in this regard, Japan, China, South Korea and India, which have been poor in natural gas in recent years. Mentioning that Turkey has also started research, Cifçi gave the following information:
“During these researches, including oil companies, it was commented that methane hydrate could be the world's most important energy source in the future. Oil and natural gas resources were expected to decrease and prices to rise before methane hydrate could be mined feasibly.
But the fact that Japan succeeded in extracting methane hydrate from the Nankai pit last year changed the calculations. Now everyone is struggling to stay behind in this competition by developing production technology as soon as possible. For example, Germany has set itself a target for 2016. The EU has also made its plans in this regard.”
Pointing out that Turkey has a very special position in this table, Çifçi said that according to the available data, it has been determined that Turkey is rich in methane hydrate resources.
“We can definitely say that Turkey is a resource-rich country in methane hydrate. The only known gas hydrate deposits in the Mediterranean are within Turkey's exclusive economic zone. All major sources, whose existence has been determined in the Black Sea region, where the most research on this subject is still carried out in the world, are also within our exclusive area.
Considering that there are tens of areas still under investigation in the Black Sea, we would have clarified the potential of Turkey, which has the widest coastline, in this regard. This resource is of great importance for a country struggling with the current account deficit problem due to energy imports.”
DEU Marine Sciences and Technology Institute, which has the only geophysical seismic laboratory in Turkey with international accreditation,
Explaining that he is carrying out seismic mapping and data collection studies in the seas surrounding the country with Koca Piri Reis, Turkey's only scientific research ship, Çifçi emphasized that even Germany, which has a small coast, carries out these studies with 15 ships.
Noting that they are still at the stage of collecting data in the studies and that they have not yet reached the stage of detecting the reserves and developing the production technology, Çifçi said that Turkey, which is fighting the current account deficit problem caused by energy imports, "must supply gas" to these studies.
Farmer continued his words as follows:
“Methane hydrate is a resource that can solve Turkey's energy problem. However, for this, the National Gas Hydrate Project must be put into practice as soon as possible. A project has been prepared by our institute on this subject. Within the scope of the project, which includes institutions such as TPAO, METU, ITU, Istanbul University and Maltepe University, studies will be carried out on the development of mapping, sampling, production and drilling techniques for methane hydrate resources. In addition, to be evaluated in these studies, it is aimed to implement the scientific research ship project named Çakabey, which was accepted by the SPO in 2007 but was stuck in the bureaucracy of the Ministry of Finance.
We are preparing to present the project to TÜBİTAK. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources is also active on gas hydrates. A unit has been created on this subject. But we must act quickly. Turkey's scientist potential in this field is at a sufficient level. If the project is started, we can develop a technology from the methane hydrate deposits, most of which will remain in our country.”