The Chemical Industry is Reviving with the Plastic, Rubber and Composite Industry. Işık, Minister of Science, Industry and Technology: “The share of the Turkish rubber and plastics industry in world rubber and plastic exports, which was 2002 percent in 0,7, increased to 2013 percent in 1,62. The increase in the share of the sector in world exports is pleasing for our country” Minister of Science, Industry and Technology Fikri Işık said, “While the share of the Turkish rubber and plastics industry in world rubber and plastic exports was 2002 percent in 0,7, it increased to 2013 percent in 1,62. rose. The increase in the share of the sector in world exports is pleasing for our country.”
Işık said that at the Plastic, Rubber and Composite Industry Meeting, hosted by the Turkish Plastics Industrialists Research, Development and Education Foundation (PAGEV), a significant success has been achieved in the last 12 years by making the transition from low technology level to medium technology level in the production structure of the country. .
Işık, who stated that they wanted to transition to medium high and high technology in the production structure in the next period, and that they formed their policies in line with this goal, underlined that they emphasized micro reforms on the axis of the Domestic, Innovative and Green production approach that they formulated as 3D.
Noting that it would be a shortcoming to consider the plastics and rubber industry independently of the chemical industry, Işık continued as follows:
“It will be more inclusive to evaluate the manufacturing sector of rubber and plastic products together with the chemical sector and composite materials. The plastics industry, as a sub-group of the petrochemical industry, provides 90 percent of its input from this sector. The packaging and construction industry is one of the leading sectors of global plastic consumption. The packaging industry is a very large and large industry branch and is the largest plastic consumer with 29 percent.
This is followed by the construction-building products industry with 24 percent. It is also possible to count the automotive, electrical and electronics, household goods, furniture and agriculture sectors among other plastic consumer sectors. The primary problem of the plastics industry is the insufficient domestic production of plastic raw materials. The installed capacity of domestic production is at a level to meet only 31,2 percent of the need. Even if the planned capacity increases are realized, only 45,2 percent of the need will be met. For this reason, there is foreign dependency in the supply of raw materials in the sector.”
“Measures should be taken to protect domestic production”
Fikri Işık stated that these developments in the petrochemical sector are the biggest obstacle to investment in the sector and pointed out that the sector needs investments that require capital-intensive and advanced technologies.
Stating that it would not be enough to support investments alone to close the foreign trade deficit in this sector, Işık emphasized that measures should be taken to protect domestic production.
Işık, who said, “The common point of developed countries is that the chemical sector is developed in all of them”, predicted that the demand for chemicals will increase as the industrial sector develops.
Minister Işık stated that the share of chemical industry imports in both total imports and manufacturing industry has not changed much in the last five years, adding that there is a chemical industry that goes hand in hand with industrialization in Turkey, developments in other sectors directly affect the chemical industry, and that and it is possible to say that domestic demand has developed in parallel with the growth in the economy and industry.
Underlining that plastics are used as alternative materials instead of iron, wood and glass all over the world and that they enable new applications, Işık said that excessive plastic consumption is an important indicator of the development level of countries.
Expressing that composite materials offer modern and innovative solutions to people everywhere in their living spaces, Işık said, “It is used as a versatile material and product in the cars and public transportation vehicles we drive, in the buildings we live in, in the infrastructure and superstructure of our city, in the sea, in the air, and in defense. It is indispensable with the advantage of corrosion, chemical resistance, lightness and long service life. Today, rubber has a very wide usage area.
“Turkey ranks second in the EU in plastics production, and seventh in the world”
Fikri Işık stated that according to 2013 data, world trade was approximately 18 trillion dollars, and the trade of rubber and plastics sector was 436 billion dollars, adding that the share of the Turkish rubber and plastics industry in world rubber and plastic exports was 2002 percent in 0,7, while it was 2013 percent in 1,62. He said it had risen to .XNUMX.
Emphasizing that the increase in the share of the sector in world exports is pleasing for Turkey, Işık said:
“Our country ranks second in the EU and seventh in the world in plastics production. According to TUIK data, while the rubber and plastics industry had a foreign trade surplus, the industry's foreign trade surplus in 2013 reached 2,1 billion dollars. The sector's exports, which were 2002 billion dollars in 1,1, increased by 6,5 times and reached 2013 billion dollars in 7,1.
The sector's exports in the January-October period of 2014 increased by 9,8 percent compared to the same period of the previous year and reached 6,4 billion dollars. The plastics industry is a sector with a foreign trade surplus. Approximately 15 percent of the raw material of the sector is produced by PETKİM and 85 percent is met through imports. In order to realize structural solutions on these issues, we, as the Government, started the structural transformation program in 25 areas.”
Minister Işık stated that, according to the Entrepreneur Information System (GBS) data they put into practice as the Ministry, the number of companies operating in the rubber and plastics industry and declaring balance sheets in 2013 was 9, 423 of these companies were over SMEs, 157 of them were medium-sized companies. announced that 646 of them are small-scale and 2 of them are micro-scale.
Informing that in 2013, 48 billion TL turnover, 3,5 billion TL operating profit, 172 thousand 733 people were employed in the sector, Işık continued as follows:
“GBS data clearly shows us one thing: As the scale grows, as exports, design and R&D are carried out, the profitability of our companies and the added value they produce increase. This situation is also valid for the rubber and plastics industry. While the operating profitability of 859 companies that export in the rubber and plastics industry is 7,7 percent, the operating profitability of 7 companies that do not export is 564 percent.
While the operating profitability of 231 companies that design in the sector is 9,9 percent, the operating profitability of 9 companies that do not design is 192 percent. While the operating profitability of 6,5 companies engaged in R&D is 162 percent, the operating profitability of 9,1 companies that do not engage in R&D is 9 percent. These figures show us that export, design and R&D clearly increase the profitability of companies.”
“Companies should take responsibility for R&D”
Fikri Işık stated that, according to the 2013 GBS data, the rubber and plastics industry constitutes 5,2 percent of the total manufacturing industry turnover, 6,1 percent of the operating profit and 5.5 percent of the employment.
Looking at the figures reflected in the sector's balance sheets, he stated that the sector sells about a quarter of its sales abroad, adding that the sector has made progress in opening up to foreign markets.
Stating that the ratio of R&D expenditures to the total net sales of the sector is 0,17 percent, Işık explained that this ratio is 0,22 percent for the manufacturing industry in general.
Emphasizing that R&D efficiency should be clearly increased, Işık continued as follows:
“The operating profitability in the sector for the period 2006-2013 is higher than the operating profitability of the manufacturing industry. Another remarkable situation regarding the sector is that the domesticity rate of the sector for the period of 2007-2012 is below the domesticity rate of the manufacturing industry. As a result of detailed analysis, it is seen that this situation arises from the dependence of the sector on the chemical sector in the use of inputs.
We want our companies operating in the sector to take responsibility, especially in R&D. There are 11 R&D centers in the chemical industry. However, according to the records of our Ministry, we see that there is no R&D Center in the rubber and plastics industry. We invite our large-scale companies in the sector to establish R&D Centers and our SMEs to do R&D in technoparks.”
Minister Işık stated that the companies in the sector have made a total of 882 project applications for the support of TÜBİTAK Technology and Innovation Support Programs Presidency (TEYDEB), and that 361 million TL grant support has been given to 54 supported projects. He said that the total support budget is 453 million TL.
Emphasizing that 19 SMEs operating in the sector do not benefit enough from KOSGEB supports, Işık added that in 87 only 2013 SMEs in the rubber and plastics sector applied for a support of 936 million TL.
Source : economy.news7