Steven Paul Jobs (born February 24, 1955 - Died October 5, 2011) is one of the co-founders of Apple Computer, Inc. He was CEO of Apple Inc., with his new name, until 5 weeks before his death. He is considered to be one of the leaders of the computer industry. He also founded Next Computer and Pixar Animation Studios and served as the chairman of the board. He caught pancreatic cancer in the years he led Apple company to the top and died at the age of 7 in 56 years.
In the late 1970s, together with fellow co-founder Steve Wozniak, he designed one of the first personal computers to achieve commercial success. Jobs was among those who realized the commercial potential of the GUI (Graphical User Interface) used with the mouse in the early 1980s. Jobs was removed from the Apple Board of Directors after a power struggle on the board in 1985; He founded NeXT computer company aiming to produce a computer platform for higher education and business world. In 1986, it bought Pixar from Lucasfilm company. In 1997, when Apple Computer bought NeXT, Jobs returned to the company he founded. Since then he has worked as the chief executive officer (CEO). Fortune magazine named Steve Jobs as the Most Powerful Businessman in 2007.
Jobs purchased Pixar Animation Studios, formerly the computer graphics division of Lucasfilm, in 1986.  He was CEO and largest shareholder of the company until it was acquired by The Walt Disney Company in 2006. He became the largest natural person shareholder and board member of the Walt Disney Company until Jobs passed away.
Jobs' background in the business world is rife with rumors of his unorthodox individual Silicon Valley entrepreneur personality. Emphasizes the importance of design by knowing well the role of aesthetics in creating the center of social interest. It has gained a loyal fan base thanks to its development of functional and elegant products.
He was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin, to American Joanne Carole Schieble and to Syrian-born political science professor Abdulfattah John Jandali. Adopted by the couple Paul Jobs and Clara Jobs-Hakobian from Mountain View, California. Her own sister is novelist Mona Simpson.
In 1972, Steve Jobs applied to Reed College in Portland, Oregon, after graduating from Homestead High School in Cupertino, California; but left after a period of time.
In the fall of 1974, Steve Jobs returned to California to attend the meetings of the "Homebrew Computer Club" with Steve Wozniak. He and Wozniak got a job as a game designer at Atari Inc., one of the then famous computer game makers. Whistles from Cap'n Crunches sold in the United States at that time were able to sound 2600 Hz, which is the monitoring frequency of long distance calls by AT&T, with minor modifications. In a short period of time, Jobs and Wozniak started working in 1974, producing "blue boxes" to make expensive long distance calls for free.
In 1976, when Jobs 21 was 26 in Wozniak, he founded Apple Computer Co. in the Jobs family garage. The first home computer they released was Apple I, and they were selling it for $ 666.66.
In 1977, Jobs and Wozniak introduced the Apple II, at that time the Apple II had taken a prominent place in the home market and cemented Apple's place in the computer market. In December 1980, Apple Computer went public and entered the market with very good values. In the same year, Apple Computer released the Apple III, but this model could not replace its predecessor.
As Apple continued to grow, a manager was sought that could enable the company's expansion. In 1983, Jobs seduced John Sculley (then CEO of Pepsi-Cola) and asked, "Do you want to sell only sugar water for the rest of your life or do you want to change the world?" in the form of Apple's new CEO. In the same year, Apple released the technologically advanced but commercially unsuccessful Apple Lisa.
Introduced in 1984, the Macintosh was the first GUI computer to have enjoyed commercial success on the market. The development of the Mac was initiated by Jef Raskin and was inspired by technologies developed in Xerox PARC, but not commercialized. The success of the Macintosh has continued, and continues to this day, with Apple removing the Apple II series and offering Mac products instead.
Steve Jobs was a convincing and charismatic advocate for Apple, and according to the criticism he was also a disorganized and ambitious manager. In 1985, as a result of an internal fight, Jobs was withdrawn from his duties by Sculley and expelled. But it's worth noting that until 5 weeks before his death Jobs was president of Apple Computer.
After quitting Apple, Jobs founded another computer company, NeXT Computer. NeXT was technologically very advanced like Lisa; but it was never recognizable except in scientific fields. For example, Tim Berners-Lee developed the original World Wide Web system on a NeXT computer at CERN. Although not recognized, Object Oriented Programming (object oriented software) has helped in the development of PostScript display and magneto-optical drive technologies. A lot of innovations in NeXT will be seen in Mac OS X in the early 2000s. NextStep and its successor, OpenStep, were running on the x86 architecture and then the PowerPC architecture.
Return to Apple
In 1996, the Apple company bought NeXT for $ 429 million to bring Jobs back to the company he founded. With careful planning and a move within the company, then CEO Gil Amelio is fired. Steve Jobs was elected interim CEO of Apple in 1997.
As a result of the purchase of NeXT, many technologies have been used in Apple products. The most obvious example of these is the development of NeXTSTEP and the writing of Mac OS X. Under Jobs' management, Apple increased sales incredibly with the launch of the iMac. Since then, the products launched have benefited Apple greatly with their eye-catching designs and brand strengthening.
Jobs took the company beyond the range of products that had been limited to personal computers in the past years. With the launch of the iPod portable music player, iTunes has tapped into the personal electronics and online music markets by launching digital music software available for other operating platforms and opening the iTunes online music store.
While Jobs encourages his employees to be innovative, with messages like real artists ship, he states that timely delivery of a product is as important as innovation and extraordinary designs.
Jobs worked at Apple for a dollar a year for several years, which also earned him the title of "Lowest Paid CEO" on the Guiness World Records list. Apple removed the word 'temporary' from its title when its earnings soared and the company began to navigate the zone of pros instead of cons. In 1, a jet worth $ 1999 million and about $ 90 million of limited shares were gifted by the company.
In 1986, Jobs and Edwin Catmull jointly founded Pixar, the animation studio in Emeryville, California. The company was originally built on Lucasfilm's computer graphics division. Jobs bought this episode from Lucasfilm for $ 10 million (one third of the requested amount!) From George Lucas. The company made their breakthrough almost 10 years later with Toy Story. Since then, A Bug's Life in 1998, Toy Story 1999 (Toy Story 2) in 2, Monsters, Inc., in 2003, Finding Nemo (Finding Nemo) and in 2004 ( The Incredibles) films have been awarded. In 2006, Cars was nominated for two Oscars, and in 2007, Ratatouille won an Oscar for best animation.
Finding Nemo and the Incredible Family won an award for best animated film at the Academy Awards.
Resignation from Apple
He left his post of CEO at Apple Computer on 25 August 2011 due to health problems and was replaced by Tim Cook. He continued as chairman of the board of directors at Apple Computer until his death.
Private life and death
Steve Jobs married Laurene Powell on March 18, 1991. He had three children from this marriage. He also has a daughter, Lisa Jobs, who was born out of wedlock in 1978. Jobs was vegetarian, but he ate fish.
On July 31, 2004, Jobs underwent surgery to remove a cancer tumor in his pancreas. A rare pancreatic cancer with the scientific name "Islet Cell Neurodocrine Tumor" was found at Jobs. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy was not needed for this type of cancer found at Jobs. During his absence, Tim Cook, head of the world sales and administration department, ran Apple.
Jobs began receiving cancer treatment in 2004; In 2009, he received a liver transplant. Jobs, who took leave in January 2011, citing health problems for the third time in recent years, announced that he left the chairmanship of the company on August 24, 2011 and left the task to Tim Cook. However, in a statement published by his family on October 5, 2011, "Steve Jobs passed away in peace and his family members bedside." explanation was made. Tim Cook said they learned the news with great sadness. “Apple is a visionary person and a creative genius; the world has lost an incredible person. " said.
Günceleme: 12/10/2020 00:10