The Woman Who Rewrote History Salima İkram

The Woman Who Rewrote History Salima Ikram
The Woman Who Rewrote History Salima Ikram

Sophisticated mummification of the dead seems to have emerged in ancient Egypt 1000 years earlier than previously thought, according to new evidence that could lead to the rewriting of history books.

Discovered in 2019, the preserved corpse of a high-ranking nobleman named Khuwy was found to be much older than assumed and is actually one of the oldest Egyptian mummies ever discovered.

Mummy Khuwy
Mummy Khuwy – A scientist examines the Khuwy mummy discovered in 2019. Photograph: Ian Glatt/National Geographic/Windfall Films

It is dated to the Old Kingdom about 4.000 years ago, which proves that embalming techniques were highly advanced.

The complexity of the body's embalming process and the materials used, including its ultra-fine linen wrap and high-quality resin, were not thought to have been accomplished until 1000 years later. This is a very important discovery.

Professor Salima Ikram, chair of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo and a leading expert on the history of mummification, told The Observer.

Who is Salima Ikram?

Salima Ikram (born May 1965) is a Pakistani professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo, participating in many Egyptian archaeological projects, author of several books on Egyptian archeology, contributing to various journals and journals. He appears as a guest on a wide variety of related television shows.

Ikram was born in 1965 in Lahore, Pakistan. A visit to Egypt when he was nine years old sparked his interest in Egyptology.

Ikram studied Egyptology and archeology at Bryn Mawr College and earned an AB degree. His subject was Classical and Near Eastern Archeology and History. He continued his education at Cambridge University and earned a PhD in Egyptology and Museum Studies.

His doctoral thesis was titled 'Meat Production in Ancient Egypt'.

Ikram lives in Cairo and teaches Egyptology and Archeology at the American University in Cairo, where he is Professor of Egyptology.

In 2017, Ikram was visiting professor at Yale University for the Fall semester. In 2017, he was elected an international honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Ikram is the co-director of the Animal Mummy Project at the Egyptian Museum.

Since 2001 he has led the Northern Kharga Oasis Survey (NKOS) with Corinna Rossi and led the Darb Ain Amur Survey of the North Kharga Oasis in the Valley of the Kings and the Amenmesse Mission of KV10 and KV63.

He also worked with André Veldmeijer of the Dutch-Flemish Institute in Cairo on the Ancient Egyptian Leatherwork Project (AELP).

Ikram has an active media presence, contributing articles on Egyptology in Egypt Today and National Geographic.

Ikram has appeared in documentary series and specials for PBS, Channel 4, Discovery Channel, History Channel, National Geographic Channel, and the BBC. He also served as a consultant on the Universal Pictures movie The Mummy.

The catering was held in Tenerife (Spain) in 2018 at the international “Athanatos. mortal. He attended the “Muerte e inmortalidad en las poblaciones del pasado” congress. During this convention, there was an exhibition of mummies from different parts of the world, including the Guanche mummies of the ancient inhabitants of the island of Tenerife, in a technique similar to Egyptian mummies.

If we go back to our article;

“If this is truly an Old Kingdom mummy, all books on mummification and Old Kingdom history will need to be reviewed.”

“This completely reverses our understanding of the evolution of mummification. The materials used, their origins, and their associated trade routes will greatly influence our understanding of Old Kingdom Egypt.

“Until now, we thought Old Kingdom embalming was relatively simple with a simple drying.

He was not always successful with this business. If we talk about the process of not removing the brain, and only occasionally removing the internal organs.

Indeed, the outer appearance of the deceased was more important than the inner appearance.

Also, the use of resins in Old Kingdom mummies recorded so far is much more limited.

These mummy resins give a completely different impression of mummification. In fact, it's more like mummies found 1000 years later."

Egypt's Lost Treasures Documentary

It is among the big discoveries to be revealed in National Geographic's documentary series Lost Treasures of Egypt, which will begin November 7.

Egypt's Lost Treasures documentary is a documentary created by Windfall Films. The documentary is based on following international archaeologists during the excavation season in Egypt.

The mummification discovery will be featured in the fourth chapter, The Rise of the Mummies, on November 28.

Professor Salima Ikram appears in that episode with fellow archaeologist Dr Mohamed Megahed and says of the latest discovery: "If it really is Khuwy, it's a breakthrough in Ancient Egyptian history."

The discovery of the mummy in an ornate tomb in Saqqara's necropolis was filmed in the previous season of National Geographic.

The investigation into its dating and analysis is revealed in the new series. Hieroglyphs revealed that it belonged to Khuwy, a relative of the royal family who lived more than 4.000 years ago.

“They knew the pottery in the tomb was from the Old Kingdom, but Professor Salima Ikram didn't think the mummy was from that era because it was so well preserved,” said Tom Cook, series producer for Windfall Films.

They didn't think that the mummification process had been that advanced back then. So his first reaction was: This is definitely not the Old Kingdom.

Ancient mummies washed corpses with expensive resins from tree sap, preserving the meat before wrapping the corpse. This mummy is impregnated with high-quality resins and wrapped in bandages of the highest quality.

Ikram says on the program: “Extraordinary. The only time I've seen so much of this quality linen was in the 21st dynasty." The 21st dynasty of Egyptian Pharaohs ruled for over 1000 years before Khuwy lived.

We are now Fizikhaber As a team, we will try to share with you the details of our previous articles, especially the Lost Treasures of Egypt series. Egyptian Civilization It is not in our opinion that it will fit in the books.

Source: Guardian

Günceleme: 29/10/2021 14:31

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