Today in the History of Science: Alexander Graham Bell Delivers the First Wireless Telephone Message With His Invented Photophone

photophone
photophone

June 3 is the 154nd day of the year (155rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 211.

Today in the History of Science

  • On June 3, 1880, Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first wireless telephone message with his newly invented photophone.
  • On June 3, 1884, the first patent was granted to American inventor Granville T. Woods.
  • On June 3, 1948, the 5-metre Hale telescope at the Mount Palomar Observatory in California was commissioned.

Events

  • 1098 – First Crusade: After 8 months of siege, Antakya came under the control of the crusaders.
  • 1839 – When 1.2 million kg of opium seized from British traders in the Chinese port of "Humen" is destroyed by Chinese authorities, the United Kingdom considers it a cause of war (casus belli) and thus the “First Opium War” began.
  • 1889 - The "Canadian Pacific Railroad", which traverses Canadian territory from one ocean to the other, is completed.
  • 1892 - Liverpool, the English football team, is founded.
  • 1912 – In the fire that broke out in the Ishakpasa district of Istanbul, 111 houses, 118 shops, six mosques, three baths and five schools were destroyed.
  • 1925 – Progressive Republican Party (Current Turkish: Progressive Republican Party) was closed by the decision of the Council of Ministers.
  • 1926 – Emlak ve Eytam Bank was established.
  • 1942 - The naval battle of Midway begins. In the two-day battle, the Japanese suffered heavy losses and the Japanese advance in the Pacific was halted.
  • 1948 – Amasya flooded; 92 people died by drowning.
  • 1955 – Elmalı Dam built on Göksu in Istanbul was opened.
  • 1955 – Conference of Messina; Birth of the European Economic Community.
  • 1957 – Turkish National Wrestling Team became the world freestyle wrestling champion.
  • 1964 – Football's 'Ordinaryus' Lefter Küçükandonyadis bid farewell to football with the jubilee match between Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş.
  • 1965 - Edward Higgins White became the first American to walk in space.
  • 1974 – Painter Fikret Mualla's bones brought from France were buried in Istanbul Karacaahmet Cemetery.
  • 1974 - Yitzhak Rabin becomes the new Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1976 - The term "European Communism" was first used by Italian Communist Party leader Enrico Berlinguer.
  • 1983 – 752 people are arrested for protesting United States Air Force bases in the United Kingdom.
  • 1989 – Soldiers intervened in the big demonstration in Tiananmen Square in Beijing: Around 2 thousand students died.
  • 1995 – Minister of Labor and Social Security Aydın Güven Gürkan; He signed the decree to make Kilis, Yalova and Karabük provinces. Then he resigned from the ministry, saying that the practice was unfair.
  • 1996 – The official opening of the Habitat-II Human Settlements Conference, organized under the auspices of the United Nations, was held in Istanbul.
  • 2006 – Montenegro was founded.
  • 2017 – A terrorist attack took place in the Southwark area of ​​London, England.

Births

  • 1808 – Jefferson Davis, American general and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Maria Adelaide, queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1865 – George V, Sovereign of the United Kingdom (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Ahmet Hikmet Müftüoğlu, Turkish writer and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1877 – Raoul Dufy, French fauvist painter (d. 1953)
  • 1885 – Yakov Sverdlov, Russian-Jewish revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1887 – Carlo Michelstaedter, Italian writer (d. 1910)
  • 1906 Josephine Baker, American dancer and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Paulette Goddard, American film and stage actress (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Yu Lan, Chinese theater, film and television actor (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Alain Resnais, French director (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Bernard Glasser, American producer and director (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Tony Curtis, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Allen Ginsberg, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Werner Arber, Swiss microbiologist and geneticist
  • 1931 – Raúl Castro, Cuban soldier and politician
  • 1931 – John Norman, American philosopher, professor, and author
  • 1933 – Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa, first emir of Bahrain, reigning from 1961 until his death (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Larry McMurtry, American author (d. 2021)
  • 1939 – Erdoğan Tokatlı, Turkish cinema director, writer and translator (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Suna Kıraç, Turkish businessperson and Koç Holding Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors (d. 2020)
  • 1941 – Monika Maron, German writer
  • 1942 – Curtis Mayfield, American soul, R&B, and funk singer, composer, and record producer (d. 1999)
  • 1946 Penelope Wilton, English actress
  • 1949 – Philippe Djian, French writer
  • 1950 - Susi Quatro, American singer
  • 1951 – Jill Biden, wife of Joe Biden
  • 1953 – Martin Bartenstein, Austrian politician
  • 1953 – Loalwa Braz, Brazilian female vocalist (d. 2017)
  • 1954 – Bajram Rexhepi, Kosovo politician (d. 2017)
  • 1956 – Melike Demirağ, Turkish singer and actress
  • 1961 – Lawrence Lessig, American scientist
  • 1963 – Anica Dobra, Serbian actress
  • 1964 – Kerry King, American guitarist
  • 1971 – Luigi Di Biagio, Italian football player
  • 1974 – Jonne Järvelä, vocalist and guitarist of Finnish folk metal band Korpiklaani
  • 1976 – Hamza Yerlikaya, Turkish wrestler
  • 1977 – Cristiano Marques Gomes, Brazilian football player
  • 1977 – Unal Yeter, Turkish actor
  • 1980 – Amauri, Italian football player
  • 1980 – Ibrahim Yattara, Guinean football player
  • 1980 – Lazaros Papadopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, Emir of Qatar
  • 1981 – Ersin Karabulut, Turkish cartoonist
  • 1982 – Yelena Isinbayeva, Russian pole dancer
  • 1985 – Papiss Cisse, Senegalese football player
  • 1985 – Łukasz Piszczek, Polish national football player
  • 1986 – Rafael Nadal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1986 – Tomas Verner, Czech figure skater
  • 1987 – Lalaine, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – PuCCa (Selen Pınar Işık), Turkish writer and internet phenomenon
  • 1988 – Mariya Stadnik, Azerbaijani wrestler
  • 1989 – Imogen Poots, English actress and model
  • 1991 – Bruno Uvini, Brazilian international football player
  • 1992 – Mario Gotze, German national football player
  • 1993 - Otto Porter American professional basketball player
  • 1996 – Lukas Klostermann, German national football player
  • 1999 – Dan-Axel Zagadou, French football player

Deaths

  • 1395 – Ivan Shishman, tsar of the Bulgarian Empire (b. 1350)
  • 1657 – William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
  • 1778 – Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Maria Anna Mozart (b. 1720)
  • 1844 – XIX. Louis, eldest son of King Charles X of France (b. 1775)
  • 1875 – Georges Bizet, French composer (b. 1836)
  • 1877 – Ludwig von Köchel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1800)
  • 1889 – Bernhard Förster, German teacher (b. 1843)
  • 1899 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (b. 1825)
  • 1922 – Duiliu Zamfirescu, Romanian writer (b. 1858)
  • 1924 – Franz Kafka, Czech writer (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Mikhail Kalinin, Bolshevik revolutionary who was President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1919-1946 (b. 1875)
  • 1953 – Philip Graves, British journalist and author (b. 1876)
  • 1955 – Princess Kadriye, daughter of the Khedive of Egypt Hüseyin Kamil Pasha (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Nâzım Hikmet Ran, Turkish poet and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – XXIII. John, Pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1883)
  • 1964 – Kazım Orbay, Turkish soldier, politician and the 3rd Chief of Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Hjalmar Schacht, German banker (b. 1877)
  • 1971 – Heinz Hopf, German mathematician working in topology and geometry (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Eisaku Sato, Japanese politician (3 times Prime Minister of Japan) (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Archibald Hill, English physiologist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian director (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Arno Schmidt, German translator and writer (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Ayatollah Khomeini, supreme leader of Iran (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Mehmet Üstünkaya, Turkish businessman and Beşiktaş Sports Club manager (b. 1935)
  • 2000 – Merton Miller, American economist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Anthony Quinn, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Vedat Kosal, Turkish pianist (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – Ercan Arıklı, Turkish journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2009 – David Carradine, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2010 – Vladimir Arnold, Soviet-Russian mathematician (b. 1937)
  • 2010 – Rue McClanahan, American actress (b. 1934)
  • 2010 – Luigi Padovese, Bishop of the Anatolian Catholic Church who served in Iskenderun (b. 1947)
  • 2011 – James Arness, American western actor (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Jack Kevorkian, American pathologist, painter, composer, instrumentalist, euthanasia advocate and practitioner (b. 1928)
  • 2011 – Sami Ofer, Israeli businessman (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Jiah Khan, Indian-British actor (b. 1988)
  • 2015 – Fikret Tabeyev, Soviet Tatar politician, ambassador, party leader, founder of the Communist Party of the Republic of Tatarstan (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Muhammad Ali, American professional boxer (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Vladimir Ivanovski, Russian diplomat (b. 1948)
  • 2016 – Luis Salom, Spanish motorcycle racer (b. 1991)
  • 2017 – John K. Watts, Australian former football player, businessman, radio and television broadcaster (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Doug Altman, British statistician and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2018 – Frank Charles Carlucci III, American politician (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Robert Norman “Bob” Forhan, Canadian former right wing ice hockey player and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Johnnie Keyes, African-American pornographic film actress (b. 1940)
  • 2018 – Mario Toros, Italian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Atsushi Aoki, Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1977)
  • 2019 – David Bergland, American politician (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Paul Darrow (born Paul Valentine Birkby), English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2019 – Javier Barreda Jara, Peruvian politician and minister (b. 1966)
  • 2019 – Stanisław Wróblewski, Polish wrestler (b. 1959)
  • 2020 – Shaukat Manzoor Cheema, Pakistani politician (b. 1954)
  • 2020 – Marc de Hond, Dutch television presenter, radio broadcaster, businessman, author, theater actor and Paralympic basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2020 – Mian Jamshed uddin Kakakhel, Pakistani politician (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Johnny Majors, Former American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Adriano Silva, Brazilian politician and professor (b. 1970)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Storm: Sprouting Storm

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