Today in the History of Science: ATM Patent Obtained

first cash machine
first cash machine

June 4 is the 155nd day of the year (156rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 210.

Today in the History of Science

  • June 4 BC 781 – For the first time in history, a solar eclipse has been recorded in China.
  • June 4, 1783 - The Montgolfier Brothers introduced their hot air balloons to the public and made the first flight.
  • June 4, 1917 – The Pulitzer Prizes are given for the first time.
  • June 4, 1961 - William Astbury, English physicist and molecular biologist, died.
  • June 4, 1973 – Patent of ATM (Banking) was obtained.

Events

  • 1844 – Weavers revolt in Silesia, Germany.
  • 1876 ​​– Ottoman Sultan Abdülaziz, who was deposed by the coup d'état on May 30, 1876, was found dead with his wrists cut in the Feriye Palaces, where he was detained. Although it was decided by the doctors that he committed suicide, the common belief is that he was killed.
  • 1878 – The “Cyprus Treaty” is signed, temporarily leaving the administration of Cyprus to the United Kingdom. The administration, which would last until 16 August 1960 and which was called British Cyprus, was established.
  • 1930 – The Turkish Historical Investigation Committee, which formed the basis of the Turkish Historical Society, held its first meeting. The team consisted of 16 people. Tevfik Bey (Bıyıklıoğlu) was elected as the Chairman of the Delegation.
  • 1932 – Foreigners in Turkey are banned from working in public works.
  • 1936 – Left wins the elections in France. Socialist Léon Blum, leader of the Popular Front alliance, became Prime Minister.
  • 1937 – The Ziraat Bank Law of the Republic of Turkey was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1940 – II. World War II: German forces enter Paris. Only 10 days later (June 14, 1940) will they be able to take the city under full control.
  • 1944 – II. World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, making it the first capital lost by the Axis Powers.
  • 1944 – II. During World War II, German warships passed through the Straits in the form of merchant ships. The United Kingdom protested this situation before Turkey.
  • 1946 - Juan Peron becomes President of Argentina.
  • 1961 – US President John F. Kennedy and USSR President Nikita Khrushchev met in Vienna.
  • 1970 – "Golden Orange" Cinema Award, starring Yılmaz Güney An Ugly Man won the movie.
  • 1970 – In Manisa, right-wing extremists attacked girls in miniskirts and men with long hair and sideburns.
  • 1972 - University of California professor, black activist Angela Yvonne Davis is acquitted of founding a secret organization, murder and kidnapping. All members of the jury were white.
  • 1973 – Battleship Yavuz was removed from the Navy with a ceremony held in Gölcük.
  • 1974 – The International Committee of Jurists announced that 250 people have been killed in Uganda since Idi Amin took power.
  • 1979 – The trial of 105 persons accused of the Kahramanmaraş Incidents, in which 885 people lost their lives, began.
  • 1981 – The 12th execution of the September 5 Coup: Cevdet Karakaş, the right-wing militant who killed the left-wing lawyer Erdal Aslan on February 11, 1980, was executed.
  • 1986 – A female student at İzmir 9 Eylül University was beaten by the police on the grounds that she came to school in a hanging dress on Ramadan day.
  • 1989 – The first free elections were held in Poland. Solidarity Union won the elections.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square Incidents: The Chinese People's Liberation Army intervened against the anti-regime demonstrators in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, which has been going on since April 15. A large number of demonstrators were killed and more than 7000 demonstrators were injured.
  • 1990 – The United Communist Party of Turkey (TBKP) was officially established.
  • 1992 – III. Izmir Economy Congress convened.
  • 1994 – Ankara Mayor Melih Gökçek, who removed the two statues on the grounds that they did not comply with Turkish customs, said, “I would spit on such art”.
  • 1994 – Bangladeshi writer Zamani Nasrin, who says that women are oppressed in the Islamic society, was threatened with death by radical religious people.
  • The Justice Party, which was closed during the 1995 – 12 September period, was re-established.
  • 1997 – A military helicopter participating in the Hammer Operation against the terrorist organization PKK in northern Iraq crashed near the Zap Camp. Eight officers, two non-commissioned officers and a private were killed in Hakkari.
  • 1998 – The BSEC Charter transforming the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) into an international organization was signed by 11 countries in Yalta, Ukraine.
  • 2001 – In connection with the assassination of Gaffar Okkan, 10 people, including a member of Hezbollah, were arrested.
  • 2006 – In the second round of the Peruvian presidential election, social democrat Alan García declared victory and became President, replacing Alejandro Toledo.
  • 2009 – Rahşan Ecevit resigned from the Democratic Left Party of which he was the founder.

Births

  • 1738 – III. George, King of England (d. 1820)
  • 1753 – Johann Philipp Gabler, German protestant theologian and covenant critic (d. 1826)
  • 1821 – Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (d. 1897)
  • 1882 – John Bauer, Swedish painter (d. 1918)
  • 1915 – Azra Erhat, Turkish writer (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Pauline Phillips, American radio broadcaster and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1960 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian F1 racer (d. 1994)
  • 1960 – Bradley Walsh, English actor, comedian, singer, television presenter and former professional football player
  • 1961 – Ferenc Gyurcsany, Hungarian politician
  • 1961 Karin Konoval, American actress
  • 1962 – Lindsay Frost, American actress
  • 1962 – Ulisses Correia e Silva, Cape Verdean politician
  • 1963 – Björn Kjellman, Swedish actor and singer
  • 1964 – Seyfi Doğanay, Turkish folk and arabesque music artist (d. 2015)
  • 1964 – Gia Carides, Australian actress
  • 1964 – Jordan Mechner, American video game programmer
  • 1966 – Cecilia Bartoli, Italian mezzo-soprano opera singer
  • 1966 – Vladimir Voyevodski, Russian-American mathematician (d. 2017)
  • 1968 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Behmen Gulbarnejad, Iranian paralympic cyclist (d. 2016)
  • 1968 – Faizon Love, American actor and comedian
  • 1968 – Ian Taylor, English football player
  • 1969 – Rob Huebel, American actor, comedian, and writer
  • 1969 – Alfredo Versace, one of the main players of the Italian Bridge national team
  • 1970 - Devin the Dude, American hip hop artist
  • 1970 – Ekrem İmamoğlu, Turkish businessman and politician
  • 1970 – Dave Pybus, English musician
  • 1971 – Joseph Kabila, President of Congo DC
  • 1971 – Noah Wyle, American actor
  • 1973 – Sonsee Neu, German actress
  • 1974 – Murat Basaran, Turkish singer
  • 1974 – Janette Husárová, Slovak professional tennis player
  • 1975 Angelina Jolie, American actress
  • 1975 – Russell Brand, English actor, singer and writer
  • 1976 – Aleksey Navalny, Russian lawyer, activist and politician
  • 1976 – Tim Rozon, Canadian actor and model
  • 1977 – Aslı Hünel, Turkish classical music artist
  • 1977 – Alex Manninger, Austrian goalkeeper
  • 1978 – Ayşe Şule Bilgiç, Turkish actress and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Sulifou Faaloua, American Samoan international football player
  • 1978 – Deniz Gamze Ergüven, Turkish-French director and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Naohiro Takahara, Japanese international football player
  • 1979 – Daniel Vickerman, Australian professional rugby player (d. 2017)
  • 1980 – Pontus Farnerud, Swedish national football player
  • 1980 – Tuğba Özerk, Turkish singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1981 – Gary Taylor-Fletcher, English former football player and manager
  • 1981 – Mike Hall, British racing cyclist (d. 2017)
  • 1981 – TJ Miller, American comedian, actor, and voice actor
  • 1981 – Giourkas Seitaridis, Greek football player
  • 1982 – Matthew Gilks, Scottish international football player
  • 1982 – Abel Kirui, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • 1983 – David Cerrajería, Spanish football player
  • 1983 – Emmanuel Eboué, Ivory Coast football player (Galatasaray player between 2011-2015)
  • 1983 – Koffi Ndri Romaric, Ivory Coast national football player
  • 1983 – Serhat Teoman, Turkish actor
  • 1984 – Henri Bedimo, former Cameroonian national football player
  • 1984 – Milko Bjelica, Serbian basketball player
  • 1984 – Hernán Dario Pellerano, Argentine football player
  • 1984 – Raphael Ragucci, Austrian rapper
  • 1985 – Anna-Lena Groenefeld, German tennis player
  • 1985 – Evan Lysacek, American figure skater
  • 1985 – Bar Refaeli, Israeli top model
  • 1985 – Lukas Podolski, Polish-German football player
  • 1985 – Yevgeny Ustyugov, Russian biathlete
  • 1986 – Franco Arizala, Colombian football player
  • 1986 – Park Yoochun, Korean singer, writer, composer and actor
  • 1986 – Fahriye Evcen, Turkish actress
  • 1987 – Kerem Bürsin, Turkish actor
  • 1988 – Tjaronn Chery, Dutch football player
  • 1988 - Ryota Nagaki, Japanese football player
  • 1988 – Lucas Pratto, Argentine football player
  • 1989 – Pawel Fajdek, Polish athlete
  • 1989 – Silviu Lung Jr., Romanian national football player
  • 1990 – Luciano Abecasis, Argentine football player
  • 1990 – Reginaldo Faife, Mozambican footballer
  • 1990 – Andrew Lawrence, British professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Greg Monroe, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Jess Moskaluke, Canadian country pop singer
  • 1990 – Evan Spiegel, American internet entrepreneur
  • 1991 – Lorenzo Insigne, Italian football player
  • 1992 – Dino Jelusic, Croatian singer
  • 1993 – Juan Iturbe, Paraguayan football player
  • 1994 – Wilmer Azofeifa, Costa Rican national football player
  • 1994 – Valentin Lavigne, French football player
  • 1994 – Tiaguinho, Brazilian former football player (d. 2016)
  • 1995 – Jhon Murillo, Venezuelan national football player
  • 1995 – Uygar Mert Zeybek, Turkish football player
  • 1996 – Maria Bakalova, Bulgarian actress
  • 1996 – Dion Cools, Belgian football player
  • 1999 – Kim So-Hyun, South Korean actress
  • 1999 – Aryan Tari, Norwegian chess grandmaster
  • 1999 – Fıratcan Üzüm, Turkish football player
  • 2001 – Takefusa Kubo, Japanese international football player

Deaths

  • 756 – Shōmu, 45th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 701)
  • 822 – Saichō, Japanese Buddhist monk (b. 767)
  • 1039 – II. Konrad, Holy Roman Emperor (b.~ 990)
  • 1086 – Kutalmışoğlu Süleyman Shah, founder of the Anatolian Seljuk State (b. ?)
  • 1135 – Huizong, emperor of China (b. 1082)
  • 1742 – Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
  • 1798 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer (b. 1725)
  • 1809 – Nikolaj Abraham Abildgaard, Danish painter (b. 1743)
  • 1830 – Antonio José de Sucre, second president of Bolivia (b. 1795)
  • 1838 – Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest, French zoologist and writer (b. 1784)
  • 1872 – Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, Dutch politician and liberal statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1875 – Eduard Mörike, German poet (b. 1804)
  • 1876 ​​– Abdulaziz, 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1830)
  • 1931 – Sharif Hussein, Arab leader, Sharif of Mecca and King of Hejaz (b. 1852)
  • 1933 – Ahmet Haşim, Turkish poet (b. 1884)
  • 1941 – II. Wilhelm, German (Prussian) Emperor (b. 1859)
  • 1946 – Sándor Simonyi-Semadam, Hungarian Prime Minister (b. 1864)
  • 1949 – Maurice Blondel, French philosopher (b. 1861)
  • 1953 – Alwin Mittasch, German chemist, historian of science (b. 1869)
  • 1961 – William Astbury, English physicist and molecular biologist (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Dorothy Gish, American film and stage actress (b. 1898)
  • 1973 – Fikret Adil, Turkish writer, journalist and translator (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Randy Smith, American former professional basketball player (b. 1948)
  • 1989 – Dik Browne, American cartoonist (Push the Viking) (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Roberto Burle Marx, Brazilian landscape architect (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (b. 1953)
  • 1996 – Bob Flanagan, American performance artist, comedian, author, poet, and musician (b. 1952)
  • 2000 – Takashi Kano, former Japanese international football player (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah, former king of Nepal (b. 1971)
  • 2008 – Agata Mróz-Olszewska, Polish volleyball player (b. 1982)
  • 2009 – Şadan Kamil, Turkish film director, screenwriter and cinematographer (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – David Markson, American author (b. 1927)
  • 2010 – John Wooden, Former American basketball player (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Herbert Reed, American singer and musician (b.1928)
  • 2013 – Joey Covington, American drummer and musician (b. 1945)
  • 2014 – Walter Winkler, Polish football player (b. 1943)
  • 2016 – Gil Bartosh, Former American football player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Erich Linemayr, retired Austrian football referee (b. 1933)
  • 2016 – Carmen Pereira, politician from Guinea-Bissau (b. 1937)
  • 2017 – Juan Goytisolo, Spanish poet, essayist, and novelist (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – David Nicholls, British horse racer and trainer (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Roger Smith, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2018 – Georgann Johnson, American stage, film and television actress (b. 1926)
  • 2018 – Canel Konvur, Turkish volleyball player and athlete (b. 1939)
  • 2018 – CM Newton, American former basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Keith Birdsong, American painter and graphic artist (b. 1954)
  • 2019 – Linda Collins-Smith, American businesswoman and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2019 – Lennart Johansson, Swedish president of UEFA from 1990 to 2007 (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Nechama Rivlin, Israeli first lady and academic (b. 1945)
  • 2020 – Marcello Abbado, Italian composer, academic, conductor and pianist (b. 1926)
  • 2020 – Fabiana Anastácio Nascimento, Brazilian gospel singer (b. 1975)
  • 2020 – Milena Benini, Croatian science fiction writer and translator (b. 1966)
  • 2020 – Basu Chatterjee, Indian film director and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Rupert Neville Hine, English musician, songwriter and record producer (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Dulce Nunes, Brazilian actress and singer-songwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Pete Rademacher, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Antonio Rodríguez de las Heras, Spanish historian, professor (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Bixente Serrano Izco, Spanish historian and politician (b. 1948)

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