Today in the History of Science: Comet Donati First Spotted in Florence

reinforcement comet
reinforcement comet

June 2 is the 153nd day of the year (154rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 212.

Today in the History of Science

  • On June 2, 1686, Newton's Principia was published at the Royal Society in London. The meeting minutes noted that astronomer Edmond Halley would "take on the job of looking after it and publishing it at his own risk."
  • On June 2, 1857, the first practical US chainstitch machine was patented by a farmer, James E. A. Gibbs.
  • On June 2, 1858, Comet Donati was seen for the first time in Florence and is named after its discoverer, Giovanni Battista Donati.
  • On June 2, 1873, groundbreaking was laid on San Francisco's Clay Street for the world's first cable-run railroad. Andrew Smith Hallidie was the Anglo-American inventor of the cable rail.
  • On June 2, 1875, Alexander Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, were working on the "harmonic telegraph."
  • On June 2, 1889, a hydroelectric power station produced alternating current electricity for the first time, which was available to consumers at a considerable distance from its source.
  • On June 2, 1896, the first radio patent was granted to Guglielmo Marconi in England for a wireless telegraph device.
  • June 2, 2018 - Czech-American physicist Emil Wolf died.

Events

  • 455 - Vandals enter Rome and sack the city for two weeks.
  • 662 – 3 of the Greek islands are destroyed by an earthquake.
  • 1328 – An earthquake in the Philippines destroyed 9 islands and islets.
  • 1475 – Turkish armies under the command of Gedik Ahmet Pasha landed on the shores of the Crimean Peninsula.
  • 1793 - The Jacobins take power in France, led by Maximillian Robespierre.
  • 1851 - Prohibition in America began with the practice in the state of Maine.
  • 1889 – The secret organization called İttihâd-ı Osmanî Cemiyeti, which is accepted as the forerunner of the Committee of Union and Progress, was founded.
  • 1920 – The liberation of Kozan from enemy occupation.
  • 1924 - The United States Congress granted the right to vote to all Native Americans born in the country. It wasn't until 1948 that some states implemented the suffrage for Natives.
  • 1926 – The law on the General Population Census was passed.
  • 1935 – For the first time in Turkey, a public holiday was started on Sunday.
  • 1941 – With the amendment made in Article 526 of the Turkish Penal Code, those who recite azan and iqamah in Arabic were punished.
  • 1946 - The monarchy is abolished in Italy.
  • 1953 – Queen of the United Kingdom II. Elizabeth was crowned.
  • 1964 – The Palestine Liberation Organization is established, which aims to establish a democratic, secular and national Palestinian State, bringing together various national organizations. Yasser Arafat became the head of the organization on February 3, 1968.
  • 1966 – Voiced by Frank Sinatra Strangers in the Night The song peaked at #1 on the UK Singles Chart.
  • 1966 - De Valera becomes President of Ireland.
  • 1966 – Greeks in Cyprus banned entry and exit from the Turkish part of Nicosia.
  • 1968 - Partial Senate elections were eventful. In the fights that broke out in 20 different places, 15 people died and 26 people were injured, 47 of them seriously.
  • 1977 – Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel sent a letter to the Chief of General Staff, the Ministry of Interior and the Undersecretariat of the National Intelligence Organization, stating that CHP Chairman Bülent Ecevit would be fired with a long-range weapon with binoculars from a room on the upper floor of the Sheraton Hotel at the rally held in Istanbul Taksim. He reported that he had been informed and requested that necessary measures be taken. (The rally organized by the CHP in Taksim on 3 June passed without incident.)
  • 1980 – State control over wheat and bread prices, which has been continuing since the Ottoman Empire, is abolished.
  • 1981 – With the order of President Kenan Evren and the decision of the Turkish Football Federation, the MKE Ankaragücü team was promoted to the first football league.
  • 1984 - Indian army launched an attack on Sikhs who wanted to establish a religious district.
  • 1992 – A referendum was held in Denmark. The Maastricht Treaty, which determined the principles of the European Union, was rejected.
  • 1995 – Minister of State Ayvaz Gökdemir, European Parliament Socialist Group President Pauline Green, Radical leader Catherine Lalumière and Greens spokesperson Claudia Roth described as 'prostitutes'.
  • 1995 – Kilis, Karabuk and Yalova became provinces.
  • 1997 – The Susurluk Case started at the Istanbul State Security Court.
  • 2001 – In the Philippines, Abu Sayyaf militants take 200 hostage on the island of Basilan.
  • 2001 - The King and Queen of Nepal were shot dead by the sons of the Prince.
  • 2001 – 17 people were killed and 80 injured in a suicide attack in a discotheque in Tel Aviv.
  • 2002 – Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu was re-elected as the Chairman at the 1st Extraordinary Congress of the Great Union Party.

Births

  • 1740 – Marquis de Sade, French writer (d. 1814)
  • 1817 – Jacques Pucheran, French zoologist (d. 1895)
  • 1840 – Thomas Hardy, English writer (d. 1928)
  • 1857 – Edward Elgar, English composer (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish poet and writer (d. 1919)
  • 1904 – Johnny Weissmuller, Romanian-American athlete and actor (d. 1984)
  • 1913 – Emin Barın, Turkish calligrapher and bookbinding artist (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – Jacques Garelli, French philosopher and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Viktor Tsaryov, Russian-born Soviet national football player (d. 2017)
  • 1934 - Karl-Heinz Feldkamp, ​​German football player
  • 1935 – Dimitri Kitsikis, Greek Turcologist
  • 1937 – Klaus-Michael Kühne, German businessman
  • 1940 – II. Constantine, last king of Greece from 1964-1973
  • 1941 – Ünal Aysal, Turkish businessman and former President of Galatasaray SK
  • 1941 – Stacy Keach, American actress and narrator
  • 1944 – Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and conductor (d. 2012)
  • 1946 – Lasse Hallström, Swedish film director
  • 1948 – Recep Yazıcıoğlu, Turkish district governor and governor (d. 2003)
  • 1949 - Tommy Mandel, American musician
  • 1952 – Mehmet Yurdadon, Turkish athlete
  • 1954 – E. Allen Emerson, American computer scientist
  • 1957 – Mark Lawrenson, Irish football player
  • 1960 – Olga Bondarenko, Soviet athlete
  • 1962 – Ahmet Arslan, Turkish politician
  • 1962 – Sibylle Berg, German writer
  • 1962 – Joseph Hannesschläger, German actor and musician (d. 2020)
  • 1966 – Eda Özülkü, Turkish pop music artist
  • 1966 – Turgut Dibek, Turkish politician
  • 1967 – Brea Lynn, American actress
  • 1969 – Paulo Sérgio, Brazilian football player
  • 1970 – B-Real, Cuban and Mexican-American rap artist, actor
  • 1970 – Gökhan Kırdar, Turkish musician
  • 1972 – Wentworth Miller, American actor
  • 1973 – Kevin Feige, American film and television producer
  • 1975 – Ersin Doğru, Turkish presenter and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Earl Boykins, retired American basketball player
  • 1977 – Zachary Quinto, American actor
  • 1977 – AJ Styles, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 Nikki Cox, American actress
  • 1978 – Justin Long, American actor
  • 1978 – Yi So-yeon, Korean astronaut
  • 1979 – Morena Baccarin, Brazilian-American actress
  • 1981 – Nikolay Davidenko, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 - Jewel Staite, Canadian actress
  • 1986 – Atalay Filiz, Turkish murderer
  • 1987 – Darin Zanyar is a Swedish singer.
  • 1988 – Sergio Aguero, Argentine football player
  • 1988 – Umut Koçin is a Turkish football player.
  • 1989 – Liviu Antal, Romanian national football player
  • 1989 – Freddy Adu, Ghana-born US citizen football player
  • 1990 – Oliver Baumann, German goalkeeper
  • 1993 – Melis Sezer, Turkish national tennis player

Deaths

  • 1098 – Yağı-Sayan, Turkish soldier
  • 1556 – Francesco Venier is the 11st ducal president of the Republic of Venice with the title of “Doche” between 1554 June 2 and 1556 June 81 (b. 1489)
  • 1835 – François Étienne Kellermann, French general of the Napoleonic Wars (b. 1770)
  • 1881 – Émile Littré, French physician, philosopher, linguist, and politician (b. 1801)
  • 1882 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian revolutionary and statesman (b. 1807)
  • 1927 – Avni Lifij, Turkish painter (b. 1886)
  • 1941 – Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1947 – Jesse W. Reno, American inventor and engineer (b. 1861)
  • 1948 – Viktor Brack, Nazi war criminal (b. 1904)
  • 1948 – Karl Brandt, German Nazi war criminal (b. 1904)
  • 1948 – Karl Gebhardt, German Nazi medical doctor (b. 1897)
  • 1948 – Wolfram Sievers, German Nazi war criminal (b. 1905)
  • 1951 – Alain, French philosopher (b. 1868)
  • 1961 – Yaşar Nezihi Özsoy, Turkish theater artist
  • 1970 – Bruce McLaren, New Zealand Formula 1 driver and founder of Team McLaren (b. 1937)
  • 1970 – Orhan Kemal, Turkish writer (b. 1914)
  • 1970 – Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian modernist poet, journalist, essayist, critic, academic (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Stephen Boyd, Irish-American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1978 – Beşir Balcıoğlu, Turkish diplomat and retired ambassador (as a result of the assassination of the Armenian terrorist organization ASALA) (b. 1909)
  • 1978 – Necla Kuneralp, wife of Zeki Kuneralp, Turkey's ambassador to Madrid (as a result of the assassination of the Armenian terrorist organization ASALA)
  • 1987 – Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (b. 1893)
  • 1987 – Sammy Kaye, American swing conductor (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Necip Cihanov, Tatar composer, teacher and statesman (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – Raj Kapoor, Indian film actor and director (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian politician and Shiite cleric (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Rex Harrison, English actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Ahmed Arif, Turkish poet (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Sohrab Shahid Sales, Iranian director (b. 1944)
  • 2001 – Imogene Coca, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Melita Norwood, The Spy (b. 1912)
  • 2008 – Cevher Özden (Banker Kastelli), Turkish businessman and banker (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Mel Ferrer, American actor and director (b. 1917)
  • 2009 – David Eddings, American author (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Kathryn Joosten, American actress (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Gennadi Gusarov, Russian origin Soviet former national football player and coach (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Besim Üstünel, Turkish academic and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Irwin Rose, American biologist (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Tom Kibble, British scientist (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Andrzej Niemczyk, Polish former volleyball player and coach (b. 1944)
  • 2017 – Peter Sallis, English actor, voice actor, and comedian (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – Sonja Sutter, German film and television actress (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Jeffrey Tate, British conductor (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – Paul D. Boyer, American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (b. 1918)
  • 2018 – Emil Wolf, Czech-American physicist (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Walter Lübcke, German politician and economist (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Mary Pat Gleason, American actress and television writer (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Chris Trousdale, American singer and actor (b. 1985)
  • 2020 – Wes Unseld, former American basketball player (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Ahmet Tekdal, Turkish politician, bureaucrat. (b. 1931)
  • 2021 – Hasan Saltık, Zaza-born Turkish music producer and founder of “Kalan Music” (b. 1964)

Similar Ads

Be the first to comment

your comment