Today in the History of Science: First Washing Powder Released

Persil
Persil

June 6 is the 157nd day of the year (158rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 208.

Today in the History of Science

  • On June 6, 1683, the general public was admitted for the first time to the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology in Oxford.
  • On June 6, 1880, the first funicular to transport passengers to an active volcano opened on Italy's Mount Vesuvius.
  • On June 6, 1882, the first American patent for an electric iron was granted to Henry Seely of New York City.
  • On June 6, 1899, American inventor James Ricks received a patent for "horse shoe covers".
  • On June 6, 1907, the first household detergent, Persil, was marketed by Henkel & Cie of Düsseldorf as the world's first “self-acting” washing powder.
  • On June 6, 1942, the first skydiving with a nylon parachute in the USA was made by Adeline Gray.
  • June 6, 2011 – Apple launched iCloud, the cloud storage service at the World Developers Conference in California.
  • June 6, 2012 – Venus transit took place.

Events

  • 1388 – University of Cologne was founded.
  • 1523 - As a result of the Swedish War of Independence, the Kingdom of Sweden declared its independence.
  • 1808 - Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.
  • 1844 – The YMCA-Young Man Christian Association, a global non-sectarian and non-clerical Christian organization, is founded.
  • 1861 - Bettino Ricasoli takes office as Prime Minister of Italy.
  • 1919 – The Commander of the British Forces in Istanbul, General George Milne, sent a letter to the Ministry of War, demanding that Mustafa Kemal Pasha be recalled.
  • 1920 – Istanbul Court of War, İsmet İnönü, Bekir Sami Kunduk, Celalettin Arif, Dr. He sentenced Rıza Nur, Yusuf Kemal Tengirşenk, Hamdullah Suphi Tanrıöver, Rıfat Börekçi and Fahrettin Altay to death.
  • 1930 – Albanian Football Federation was founded.
  • 1937 – Sivas – Malatya Railway merged in Çetinkaya.
  • 1944 – Normandy Landing: The Allies land in Normandy.
  • 1962 – In line with the negotiations held at the United Nations, it was decided to recognize the independence of Rwanda and Burundi as separate states.
  • 1966 – Balıkesirspor Club was founded.
  • 1966 – UD Leiria Sports Club was founded.
  • 1967 – In accordance with the policy implemented jointly by the Arab states, the oil exports to the states that support Israel were stopped.
  • 1969 – OFK Petrovac Football Club was founded.
  • 1976 - The Soyuz 21 spacecraft, consisting of the crew of cosmonauts Boris Volinov and Vitali Jolobov, begins its journey.
  • 1983 – Social Democracy Party (SODEP) was founded. Erdal İnönü was elected as the leader of the party.
  • 1982 – Israel invaded Lebanon with its operation called “Peace” in Galilee.
  • 1984 – Soldiers of the Indian army carried out a bloody raid on the "Golden Temple", the holy shrine of the Sikhs. After this raid, non-militant Sikhs in various parts of India also began to take up arms.
  • 1985 – The “Law of Regret”, rejected by President Kenan Evren, was accepted by ANAP's votes.
  • 1985 - Tetris designed by Aleksey Pajitnov is released.
  • 1996 – The international exhibition “Dialogues, lost thought of the order of things” started at the AKM Exhibition Hall.
  • 1996 – Karabuk became the 78th province of Turkey.
  • 1996 - Changchun Yatai Football Club was founded.
  • 2000 – The immunity of Chilean ex-dictator Augusto Pinochet is lifted. During Pinochet's 17-year rule; thousands of revolutionaries and democrats were killed or disappeared.
  • 2006 – In the civil war in Somalia, the Islamic Courts Organization took the capital Mogadishu under its control.
  • 2013 - Rami Hamdallah is inaugurated as Palestinian Prime Minister.
  • 2013 – Capul TV started broadcasting on the internet.

Births

  • 1519 – Andrea Cesalpino, Italian botanist (d. 1603)
  • 1576 – Giovanni Diodati, Genevan protestant theologian (d. 1649)
  • 1599 – Diego Velazquez, Spanish painter (d. 1660)
  • 1606 Pierre Corneille, French poet (d. 1684)
  • 1714 – José I, King of Portugal and the Algarve (d. 1777)
  • 1799 – Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, Russian writer (d. 1837)
  • 1850 – Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – Alexander Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
  • 1868 – Robert Falcon Scott, British Royal Navy officer and explorer (d. 1912)
  • 1875 – Thomas Mann, German writer (d. 1955)
  • 1887 – İzzet Melih Devrim, Turkish poet, novelist and playwright (d. 1966)
  • 1898 – Ninette de Valois, Irish-born English dancer and choreographer (d. 2001)
  • 1901 – Sukarno, leader of the Indonesian independence movement and first President (d. 1970)
  • 1903 – Aram Ilyich Khachaturyan, Armenian-born Soviet composer (d. 1978)
  • 1917 Maria Montez, American actress (d. 1951)
  • 1918 – Martin Esslin, British producer and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1919 – Peter Carington, British politician (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Orna Porat, Israeli theater actor (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Erdal İnönü, Turkish scientist and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Senih Orkan, Turkish actor (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss scientist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – II. Albert, King of Belgium
  • 1939 – Ergüder Yoldaş, Turkish musician and composer (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – David Crystal, English linguist, academic, and author
  • 1943 – Richard Smalley, American scientist (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Edgar Froese, German musician (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist
  • 1945 – Abdirahman Mohamud Farole, Somali politician
  • 1946 – Zbigniew Seifert, Polish musician (d. 1979)
  • 1947 – Robert Englund, American actor
  • 1947 – Laura Phillips “Laurie” Anderson, American avant-garde artist, composer, musician, and film director
  • 1947 – Zeynep Avcı, Turkish journalist, short story and playwright, and translator
  • 1950 – Meral Zeren, Turkish actress and voice artist
  • 1951 – Geoffrey Rush, Australian actor
  • 1953 – Dimitris Avramopoulos, Greek diplomat and politician
  • 1954 – Władysław Żmuda, former Polish national football player
  • 1955 – Sam Simon, American television producer and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1956 – Bjorn Borg, Swedish tennis player
  • 1956 – Faruk Tınaz, Turkish musician
  • 1956 – Marwan Barghouti, Palestinian politician and military leader
  • 1958 - Tracey Adams, American porn star
  • 1959 – Jimmy Jam, American producer
  • 1960 – Ahmet Yıldız, Turkish writer
  • 1960 – Steve Vai, American musician
  • 1961 – Garin Nugroho, Indonesian director
  • 1961 – Tom Araya, Chilean musician
  • 1963 – David Koepp, American screenwriter and director
  • 1963 Jason Isaacs, English actor
  • 1965 – Ahmet Karcılılar, Turkish writer
  • 1965 – Osamu Hirose, Japanese football player
  • 1966 - Angela Cavagna, Italian model
  • 1966 - Faure Gnassingbé, President of Togo
  • 1966 – Lukas Hacilukas, Cypriot manager and former national football player
  • 1967 – Katharina Abt, German actress
  • 1967 - Paul Giamatti, American actor
  • 1967 – Roger Lukaku, Congolese football player
  • 1968 Molly Glynn, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1969 – Fernando Redondo, Argentine former football player
  • 1969 – Selçuk Dereli, Turkish football referee
  • 1970 – Albert Ferrer, Spanish former football player
  • 1970 – James Shaffer, American musician
  • 1971 – Ertan Aydın, Turkish politician
  • 1972 – Cristina Scabbia, Italian musician and songwriter
  • 1972 – Hideki Yoshioka, Japanese football player
  • 1972 – Satoshi Oishi, Japanese football player
  • 1972 – Tomohiro Hasumi, Japanese football player
  • 1973 – Patrick Rothfuss, American epic fantasy author and academic
  • 1974 – Rolando Fonseca, Costa Rican football player
  • 1974 – Sonya Walger, English actress
  • 1975 - Fábio Camilo de Brito, Brazilian football player
  • 1975 – Hasibe Eren, Turkish actress
  • 1977 – David Connolly, Irish football player
  • 1978 – Faudel, French singer of Algerian descent
  • 1978 – Judith Barsi, American child actress (d. 1988)
  • 1978 – Mariana Popova, Bulgarian singer
  • 1978 - Naoki Matsushita, Japanese football player
  • 1978 – ODB, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Yusuke Sasuda, Japanese football player
  • 1981 – Hasan Küçükçetin, Turkish actor
  • 1982 – Selçuk Aydemir, Turkish screenwriter and director
  • 1982 – Yasemin Hadivent, Turkish actress and presenter
  • 1983 – Gianna Michaels, American porn star
  • 1983 – Michael Krohn-Dehli, Danish football player
  • 1983 – Yasutaka Homma, Japanese football player
  • 1984 – ByeAlex, Hungarian singer
  • 1984 – Igor Cukrov, Croatian singer
  • 1984 – Roman Hubnik, Czech international football player
  • 1985 – Drew McIntyre, Scottish wrestler
  • 1985 – Sota Hirayama, Japanese football player
  • 1986 – Ante Kulušić, Croatian football player
  • 1986 – Didem Kınalı, Turkish dancer
  • 1986 – Kim Hyun Joong, South Korean actress and musician
  • 1986 – Leandrinho, Brazilian football player
  • 1986 – Sergey Krivets, Belarusian football player
  • 1986 - Vagner da Silva, Brazilian football player
  • 1987 – Andreas Avraam, Cypriot football player
  • 1987 – Cassio Ramos, Brazilian football player
  • 1987 – Rubin Okotie, Austrian football player
  • 1988 – Alexey Rogonov, Russian figure skater
  • 1988 – Andrea Preti, Italian actor and screenwriter
  • 1988 – Ferhat Bıkmaz, Turkish football player
  • 1988 – Jon Errasti, Spanish football player
  • 1989 – Jonathan Reis, Brazilian football player
  • 1989 – Robert Sacre, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Vid Belec, Slovenian goalkeeper
  • 1990 – Yumu Kudo, Japanese football player
  • 1991 – Rodrigo Ríos Lozano, Spanish football player
  • 1992 – Mitch McGary, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Raid Ibrahim Salih, Omani football player
  • 1994 – Gakuto Notsuda, Japanese football player
  • 1994 – Kevin Sousa, Cape Verdean football player
  • 1995 – Julian Green, American football player
  • 1995 – Semih Ergül, Turkish football player

Deaths

  • 913 – Alexandros, Byzantine Emperor (b. 866)
  • 1138 – Rashid, Abbasid Caliph (b. 1109)
  • 1393 – Go-En'yū, Claimant of the North in Japan (b. 1359)
  • 1671 – Stepan Razin, Kazakh leader (b. 1630)
  • 1747 – Jean-Baptiste Barrière, French cellist and composer (b. 1707)
  • 1813 – Alexandre Théodore Brongniart, French architect (b. 1739)
  • 1832 – Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher and jurist (considered the founder of Pragmatism) (b. 1738)
  • 1837 – Diego Portales, Chilean politician (b. 1793)
  • 1861 – Camillo Benso, Italian statesman (b. 1810)
  • 1891 – John A. Macdonald, first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada (b. 1815)
  • 1916 – Yuan Shikai, Chinese commander and statesman (b. 1859)
  • 1920 – Grigoriy Potanin, Russian ethnographer and natural historian (b. 1835)
  • 1928 – Asaf Derviş Pasha, Turkish doctor (b. 1868)
  • 1856 – Edward Goodrich Acheson, American chemist (d. 1931)
  • 1940 – Arthur Zimmermann, German bureaucrat (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-American race car driver and businessman (b. 1878)
  • 1942 – Harald Tammer, Estonian journalist, athlete and weightlifter (b. 1899)
  • 1943 – Guido Fubini, Italian mathematician (b. 1879)
  • 1944 – Paul Cornu, French engineer and inventor (b. 1881)
  • 1946 – Gerhart Hauptmann, German dramatist, playwright, and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1948 – Louis Lumière, French filmmaker (b. 1864)
  • 1961 – Carl Gustav Jung, German psychoanalyst (b. 1875)
  • 1962 – George Sargent, English golfer (b. 1882)
  • 1962 – Yves Klein, French painter (b. 1928)
  • 1964 – Ragıp Gümüşpala, Turkish soldier and politician
  • 1968 – Kazım Özalp, Turkish soldier and politician (one of the commanders of the Turkish War of Independence) (b. 1882)
  • 1968 – Robert Kennedy, American senator and presidential candidate (assassinated) (b. 1925)
  • 1970 – Camille Bombois, French painter (b. 1883)
  • 1975 – Hiroshi Ōshima, Japanese soldier and bureaucrat (b. 1886)
  • 1980 – Hamit Görele, Turkish painter (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – Burhan Atak, Turkish football player (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Adnan Süvari, Turkish football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 1991 – Stan Getz, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 1992 – Hikmet Feridun Es, Turkish journalist (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Orhan Eralp, Turkish bureaucrat (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – George Davis Snell, American scientist (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Marc de Jonge, French actor (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Jafar Sharif Imami, former Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – John Frankenheimer, American film producer and director (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Ken Grimwood, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Anne Bancroft, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Dana Elcar, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Billy Preston, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 2009 – Jean Dausset, French immunologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Medicine and Physiology (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Manolo Preciado, Spanish coach and former football player (b. 1957)
  • 2013 – Esther Williams, American actress and swimmer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Jerome Karle, American chemist (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Tom Sharpe, English writer (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Abdurrahman Ünsal, Turkish politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Darío Barrio, Spanish food expert and TV host (b. 1972)
  • 2014 – Lorna Wing, English psychiatrist and physicist (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Aarthi Agarwal, American actress (b. 1984)
  • 2015 – Pierre Brice, French actor and singer (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Theresa Saldana, American actress (b. 1954)
  • 2016 – Peter Shaffer, English playwright and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Kimbo Slice, American professional wrestler (b. 1974)
  • 2017 – Ragnhild Queseth Haarstad, Norwegian Center Party politician and minister (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (b. 1935)
  • 2017 – Davey Lambert, British motorcycle racer (b. 1969)
  • 2017 – Sandra Reemer, Dutch singer (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – Márta Antal-Rudas, Hungarian female javelin thrower (b. 1937)
  • 2017 – Rokas Žilinskas, Lithuanian journalist and politician (b. 1972)
  • 2018 – Tinus Bosselaar, Dutch former international football player (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Ümit Kayıhan, Turkish football player and coach (b. 1954)
  • 2018 – Kira Muratova, Ukrainian Soviet film director, screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Alan O'Neill, Irish actor (b. 1971)
  • 2018 – Monique Papon, French politician and senator (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Ralph Santolla, American heavy metal music-rock guitarist (b. 1969)
  • 2018 – Mary Wilson, English poet (b. 1916)
  • 2018 – Franz M. Wuketits, Austrian biologist, educator, epistemologist and academic (b. 1955)
  • 2019 – Joan Callahan, American feminist philosopher (b. 1943)
  • 2019 John, American singer, musician, and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Christel DeHaan, German-born American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Dietmar Seyferth, German professor of chemistry (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Ramadan Shallah, founder of Palestine Islamic Jihad (b. 1958)
  • 2020 – Constantin Xenakis, Egyptian-born Greek-French painter and sculptor (b. 1931)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Dietitian's Day

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