Today in the History of Science: Lorenzo Adkins Patents the Water Wheel

water wheels
water wheels

May 17 is the 137st day of the year (138nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 228.

Today in the History of Science

  • May 17, 1792 - The New York Stock Exchange was established.
  • On May 17, 1839, Lorenzo Adkins patented the water wheel.
  • Odd Hassel, a Norwegian chemist and Nobel Prize winner, was born on May 17, 1897.
  • On May 17, 1955, American psychiatrist Nathan Kline appeared before the US Congress to explain his work on the drug reserpine. He is credited with founding the field of psychopharmacology with the discovery and use of reserpine to treat mental disorder psychosis.
  • On May 17, 1954, the official groundbreaking took place at the Meyrin site of the new CERN Laboratory in Geneva.

Events

  • 1902 - Greek archaeologists unearth the Antikythera assembly, which can be considered a mechanical analog computer of Antiquity.
  • 1928 – Turkish Republic Hygiene Institution was established.
  • 1940 – II. World War II: German Armies invade Belgium and enter Brussels.
  • 1954 – The law preventing black children from attending the same school as white children is repealed in the USA.
  • 1967 – Imam Hatip School graduates were granted the right to enter universities.
  • 1970 – Norwegian anthropologist and explorer Thor Heyerdahl sailed from Morocco to the Atlantic Ocean in his papyrus boat “Ra II”.
  • 1971 – Four militants from the THKP-C kidnapped the Israeli Consul General in Istanbul, Ephraim Elrom. militants, “The release of all the revolutionaries in prisons by 20 May” wanted. The government has announced that it will not negotiate.
  • 1972 – It was announced that the Turkish Republic State Railways broke the record of loss with 991 million liras.
  • 1982 – Turkish Armed Forces Mehmetçik Foundation was established. The foundation was established with the money collected by the President of the State Gen. Kenan Evren and other National Security Council member commanders.
  • 1983 – Haluk Kırcı and Ahmet Ercüment Gedikli, who were on trial for the murder of seven TIP members on October 8, 1978 in Ankara Bahçelievler, were sentenced to death.
  • 1983 – The May 17 Treaty was signed between Israel, Lebanon and the USA.
  • 1989 – More than 1 million demonstrators in China marched in Tiananmen Square in the capital Beijing to support the hunger strikers for the expansion of political freedoms.
  • 1989 – Writer Vaclav Havel, who had been imprisoned in Czechoslovakia for four months, was released.
  • 1992 - The World Health Organization (WHO) removed homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses.
  • 1994 – Turkish economy came under IMF control again after 14 years.
  • 1995 – Nasuh Mahruki became the first Turk to reach the summit of Everest. (Although some sources write 25 May, this date has been confirmed by Nasuh Mahruki.)
  • 2000 – Galatasaray won the UEFA Cup and became the first Turkish football team to win a cup in Europe.
  • 2006 – In the armed attack against the Council of State by lawyer Alparslan Arslan, Member of the Second Chamber of the Council of State, Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, lost his life and four members were injured.
  • 2010 – After CHP Chairman Deniz Baykal resigned; CHP Group Deputy Chairman Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu announced that he will resign from his position and will be a candidate for the Presidency.
  • 2010 – Agreement on the common formula for Iran's uranium swap was signed by the Foreign Ministers of Turkey, Brazil and Iran. The uranium exchange to be made in Turkey has also been made official with this signature. It was noted that Iran will exchange 1200 kilograms of low-enriched uranium for highly enriched uranium.
  • 2010 – An explosion occurred in the Turkish Hard Coal Institution, Karadon Establishment Directorate mine in Zonguldak. 30 workers were left under the rubble. On 20 May 2010, the bodies of 28 workers were found.

Births

  • 1749 – Edward Jenner, English physician (inventor of smallpox vaccine) (d. 1823)
  • 1866 Erik Satie, French composer (d. 1925)
  • 1868 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturer (d. 1920)
  • 1873 – Henri Barbusse, French novelist and journalist (d. 1935)
  • 1886 – XIII. Alfonso, King of Spain (d. 1941)
  • 1897 – Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Jean Gabin, French actor (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – Ilona Elek, Hungarian fencer (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Maureen O'Sullivan, Irish actress (Tarzan famous for portraying Jane in his films) (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Idi Amin, Ugandan soldier and 3rd President of Uganda (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Michel de Certeau, Jesuit scientist, studied history, sociology, philosophy, psychoanalysis, and psychology (d. 1986)
  • 1926 – Dietmar Schönherr, famous Austrian actor (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Gülistan Güzey, Turkish theater and cinema artist (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – Branko Zebec, Yugoslav former football player and manager (d. 1988)
  • 1935 – Dennis Potter, English writer (d. 1994)
  • 1936 – Philippe Boesmans, Belgian classical composer
  • Dennis Hopper, American actor and director (d. 2010)
  • Graham Barnett, English football player (d. 2019)
  • 1940 – Alan Kay, American computer scientist
  • 1945 – Esin Engin, Turkish composer and musician (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – Renate Krößner, German actress (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Udo Lindenberg, German rock musician, writer and painter
  • 1948 – Horst Köppel, German national football player and manager
  • 1950 – Valeriya Novodvorskaya, Russian writer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1953 – Kasım Cömert Tokayev, Kazakh diplomat, politician and President of Kazakhstan
  • 1954 – Belkıs Akkale, Turkish folk music artist, lyricist and composer
  • 1955 – Bill Paxton, American actor and director (d. 2017)
  • 1956 – Bob Saget, American actor and comedian
  • 1958 - Paul Di'Anno, English singer
  • 1961 – Enya, Irish singer
  • 1962 – Craig Ferguson, American comedian
  • 1965 – Trent Reznor, American singer
  • 1966 – Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (d. 2003)
  • 1967 – Joseph M. Erken, Puerto Rican educator, hydrogeologist, and NASA astronaut
  • 1969 – José Chamot, Argentine national football player
  • 1970 – Anjalika Ahurbaş is a Belarusian singer, actress and former model.
  • 1970 – Giovanna Trillini, Italian fencer
  • 1971 – Máxima, wife of King Willem-Alexander
  • 1972 – Ergün Penbe, Turkish football player and manager
  • 1973 – Matthew McGrory, American actor (b. 2005)
  • 1973 – Josh Homme, American rock musician, singer, record producer, and actor
  • 1974 – Sendhil Ramamurthy, American actor
  • 1975 Laura Voutilainen, Finnish singer
  • 1979 – Ayda Field, American television actress
  • 1979 – David Jarolím, Czech football player
  • 1980 – Ilion Lika, Albanian national goalkeeper
  • 1981 – Cosma Shiva Hagen, German-American actress
  • 1981 – Shiri Meymon, Israeli singer
  • 1982 – Clarence Goodson, American football player
  • 1982 – Tony Parker, French basketball player
  • 1982 - Vjosa Osmani, President of Kosovo
  • 1983 – Danko Lazović, Serbian striker, former football player
  • 1984 – Igor Denisov, Russian former national football player
  • 1984 – Michael David Rosenberg, English singer, songwriter and musician
  • 1986 – Bojan Jokic, Slovenian football player
  • 1987 – Ersan Gülüm, Turkish football player
  • 1988 - Nikki Reed, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1988 – Martin Olsson, Swedish national football player
  • 1989 – Michel Morganella, Swiss football player
  • 1989 – Tessa Virtue, Canadian figure skater
  • 1990 - Ross Butler, American actor
  • 1990 – Leven Alice Rambin, American actress
  • 1991 – Moran Mazor, Israeli singer
  • 1996 – Ryan Ochoa, American actor
  • 1998 – Abdulrahman Akkad, Syrian blogger and human rights activist

Deaths

  • 290 – Sima Yan, first emperor of the Jin Dynasty (b. 236)
  • 1304 – Mahmud Ghazan, 7th Ruler of the Mongol Ilkhanate Empire (b. 1272)
  • 1336 – Go-Fushimi, 93rd emperor of Japan in the traditional succession order (b. 1288)
  • 1395 – Konstantin Dragaš, Serbian noble of the Dejanović Dynasty who ruled a large province in eastern Macedonia under the Ottoman Empire (b. 1350)
  • 1395 – Marko, de jure Serbian king and Ottoman vassal between 1371-1395 (b. 1335)
  • 1510 – Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (b. 1445)
  • 1536 - George Boleyn, King of England VIII. Brother of Anne Boleyn, Henry's second wife (b. 1504)
  • 1551 – Shin Saimdang, Korean philosopher, artist, painter, writer, poet (b. 1504)
  • 1606 – Dmitri I, Tsar of Russia (b. 1582)
  • 1727 – Catherine I, Russian Tsarina (b. 1684)
  • 1729 – Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (b. 1675)
  • 1750 – Georg Engelhard Schröder, Swedish portrait and history painter (b.
  • 1765 – Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1829 – John Jay, American statesman, patriot, diplomat (b. 1745)
  • 1838 – Rene Auguste Caillie, French explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1838 – Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French politician (b. 1754)
  • 1875 – John C. Breckinridge, American politician, lawyer, soldier, and 14th vice president of the United States (b. 1821)
  • 1880 – Ziya Pasha, Turkish poet and politician (b. 1826)
  • 1886 – John Deere, American farm equipment manufacturer (b. 1804)
  • 1936 – Nahum Sokolow, Zionist leader, author, translator, and journalist (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Wil van Gogh, Dutch nurse and early feminist (b. 1862)
  • 1944 – Milena Jesenska, Czech journalist, writer and translator (b. 1896)
  • 1945 – Robert Sterling Yard, American journalist, author (b. 1861)
  • 1947 – George Forbes, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1869)
  • 1951 – Ali Şefik Özdemir, Turkish politician (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Nurullah Ataç, Turkish writer and critic (b. 1898)
  • 1959 – George Albert Smith, Fellow of the British Royal Astronomical Society, inventor and pioneering film director (b. 1864)
  • 1964 – Otto Wille Kuusinen, Finnish-Soviet politician, historian and poet (b. 1881)
  • 1974 – Refik Epikman, Turkish painter (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Gündüz Kılıç, Turkish football player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Lyudmila Pakhomova, Soviet Olympic champion figure skater (b. 1946)
  • 1987 – Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish economist and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1993 – Handan Adalı, Turkish cinema artist (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – João Carlos de Oliveira, Brazilian athlete (b. 1954)
  • 2002 – Mahzuni Şerif, Turkish folk poet (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Tony Randall, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Melahat Pars, Turkish composer (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, Turkish lawyer (b. 1942)
  • 2009 – Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, writer and poet (b. 1920)
  • 2009 – Daniel Carasso, French businessman (b. 1905)
  • 2009 – Mohammed Taki Behcet Fumeni, Iranian Imitation Authority (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – Bobbejaan Schoepen, Belgian singer (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Johann Sterr, German wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Warda Al-Jazairia, Algerian singer and actress (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – France Clidat, French pianist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Donna Summer, American singer (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Kenneth Venturi, American golfer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentine soldier and former Head of State (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Atanas Zabaznoski, Macedonian communist activist, soldier of the Yugoslav Front, recipient of the Order of the People's Hero (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Gerald Edelman, American biologist (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Chinx, American rapper (b. 1983)
  • 2016 – Guy Clark, American singer and musician (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Paulo Emilio, Brazilian former coach (b. 1936)
  • 2016 – Yūko Mizutani, Japanese actress, voice actor, and singer (b. 1964)
  • 2016 – Xavier de Planhol, French teacher (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Müzahir Sille, Turkish wrestler (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Roxcy Bolton, American feminist civic and women's rights activist (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Viktor Gorbatko, Soviet-Russian cosmonaut (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Firuz Kazemzadeh, Russian-born American historian (b. 1924)
  • 2017 – Payidar Tüfekçioğlu, Turkish actor and voice actor (b. 1962)
  • 2017 – Rhodri Morgan, Welsh politician and statesman (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Moji Olaiya, Nigerian actress (b. 1975)
  • 2017 – Todor Veselinović, Yugoslav football player and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Nicole Fontaine, French politician and President of the European Parliament (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Jürgen Marcus, German singer (b. 1948)
  • 2018 – Mait Riisman, Estonian-Soviet water polo player (b. 1956)
  • 2018 – Mehdi Tebatebayi, Iranian Shiite cleric and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2019 – Peter Dahl, Norwegian-born Swedish painter and printmaker (b. 1934)
  • 2019 – Rallapalli, Indian film, theater and TV actor (b. 1945)
  • 2019 – Herman Wouk, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize winner (b. 1915)
  • 2020 – Wilson Braga, Brazilian politician, lawyer, and businessman (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Shad Gaspard, American professional wrestler and actor (b. 1981)
  • 2020 – Ratnakar Matkari, Indian writer, film and game producer and director (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Monique Mercure, Canadian actress (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Lucky Peterson, American singer, songwriter, and musician (b. 1964)
  • 2020 – Yuri Zisser, Russian businessman, entrepreneur and blogger (b. 1960)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Telecommunications and Information Society Day
  • International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia
  • Storm: Sprinkler Storm

Similar Ads

Be the first to comment

your comment