Today in the History of Science: Thomas Edison Patents the Printing Telegraph

thomas edison
thomas edison

June 7 is the 158nd day of the year (159rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 207.

Today in the History of Science

  • On June 7, 1870, Thomas A. Edison was granted a patent for "Printing Telegraph Tools."
  • June 7, 1896 American physicist and chemist Robert S. Mulliken was born.
  • June 7, 1826 German optical physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer died.
  • On June 7, 1914, the Alliance became the first ship to cross the Panama Canal.
  • On June 7, 1958, a seminal article that started the widespread use of ultrasound in medical diagnosis was published in The Lancet by British physician Ian Donald.
  • On June 7, 1980, the US government's first solar power plant was allocated. It is located in the sunny desert, at Natural Bridge National Monument in Utah and the largest in the world at the time.
  • On June 7, 1988, 11-year-old Richard G. Woodbridge was also awarded a patent for a brush he designed to remove shavings from chain saw cuts to prevent the build-up of sawdust that could otherwise cause the chain saw to jam.

Events

  • 769 – FMU (French Mason Union) is founded.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: The crusader army arrived in front of the Jerusalem castle and the siege of Jerusalem began.
  • 1494 – The naval powers of the period Portugal and Spain reached the Treaty of Tordesillas.
  • 1557 – Suleymaniye Mosque, built by Mimar Sinan, was opened.
  • 1654 – XIV. Louis became King of France.
  • 1692 – Earthquake in Port Royal, Jamaica: 1600 people were killed and 3000 seriously injured.
  • 1801 - Portugal and Spain sign the "Treaty of Badajoz". Portugal lost the city of “Olivenza”.
  • 1832 – Asian cholera epidemic in Québec: About 6000 people die.
  • 1856 – Dolmabahçe Palace was opened for use.
  • 1862 - Gennaios Kolokotronis becomes Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1863 - Mexico City is captured by French troops.
  • 1866 – Izmir-Aydin railway, the first railway line established in Anatolia, was opened.
  • 1890 – The Ertuğrul Frigate arrives at Yokohama Port in Japan.
  • 1893 - Gandhi begins the first act of civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance.
  • 1905 - The Norwegian Parliament declared its independence from its union with Sweden. Independence was approved with a referendum held on 13 August.
  • 1918 – The Ottoman 9th Army was formed.
  • 1929 - The Vatican became an independent state.
  • 1935 - Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1939 – The CHP Board of Directors decided to separate the state and party administration again.
  • 1942 – The first Turkish plane made in the Etimesgut factory took off.
  • 1942 – II. World War II: The Battle of Midway officially ends with the decisive victory of the United States.
  • 1943 – The typhus epidemic started in Istanbul, some cinemas were closed and the sale of antiques was prohibited.
  • 1945 – The motion known as the quadruple memorandum, signed by Celâl Bayar, Adnan Menderes, Fuad Köprülü and Refik Koraltan, was submitted to the CHP Parliamentary Group.
  • 1949 – The Old Age Insurance Law was passed.
  • 1957 – Atatürk University was established.
  • 1958 – The Great Cyprus Meeting was held in Istanbul, Beyazıt Square.
  • 1962 – About 100 unemployed porters marched to the Governorship of Istanbul.
  • 1964 – Partial senate elections were held in 26 provinces of Turkey. AP 31, CHP 19, independents 1 senatorship.
  • 1966 - Ronald Reagan becomes the 33rd Governor of California.
  • 1967 – Israeli troops enter Jerusalem (Six-Day Wars).
  • 1973 – The battleship "Yavuz" was ceremonially retired from the Navy.
  • 1977 – Semiha Yankı won the 13th International Golden Orpheus Song Contest.
  • 1981 - Israeli warplanes destroy an Iraqi nuclear reactor on the grounds that it is being used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
  • 1982 – Turkey's Lisbon Embassy Administrative Attaché Erkut Akbay and his wife Nadide Akbay were killed in an attack by the Armenian organization ASALA.
  • 1985 – TRT Board of Directors decided not to broadcast the activities of parties outside the parliament.
  • 1989 – A Douglas DC-8 passenger plane of Suriname Airlines crashes near Johan Adolf Pengel airport (Suriname): 168 people are killed.
  • 1994 – The famous name of the society, Ayşegül Tecimer, was detained for smuggling historical artifacts.
  • 1996 – The task of forming the government was given by President Süleyman Demirel to Necmettin Erbakan, Chairman of the Welfare Party.
  • 2001 – The Labor Party, headed by Tony Blair, wins the British elections.
  • 2005 – The second season DVD of the American TV series MacGyver is released.
  • 2007 – First Turkish Sign Language Workshop convened in Ankara.
  • 2008 – 2008 European Football Championship started.
  • 2009 – SBS held for the 7nd time for 2th graders.
  • 2012 – The Thorning-Schmidt Government's bill to legalize same-sex marriage is approved by Folketing (Danish Parliament).
  • 2015 – General elections were held in Turkey.
  • 2016 – A suicide bomb attack took place in the Vezneciler district of Fatih district of Istanbul.

Births

  • 1502 – III. João, King of Portugal (d. 1557)
  • 1837 – Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903)
  • 1845 – Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
  • 1848 – Paul Gaugin, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1896 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist (d. 1986)
  • 1909 Jessica Tandy, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Dean Martin, Italian-born American singer and film actor (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – James Ivory, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1931 – Okot p'Bitek, Ugandan poet and sociologist (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Arkady Arkanov, Russian playwright and comedian (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Tom Jones, Welsh singer
  • 1941 – Temel Karamollaoğlu, Turkish textile engineer and politician
  • 1942 – Kirsten Lundsgaardvig, Danish painter (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Muammar Gaddafi, former Libyan leader (d. 2011)
  • 1948 – Anna Zaborska, Slovak politician
  • 1952 – Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1952 – Orhan Pamuk, Turkish writer and Nobel Prize winner for Literature
  • 1954 – Cem Ceminay, Turkish radio programmer and columnist
  • 1954 – Jan Theuninck, Belgian painter and poet
  • 1956 – L.A. Reid, American music producer and composer
  • 1956 – Marty Whelan, Irish radio and television personality
  • 1958 – Prince, American musician (d. 2016)
  • 1960 – Kemal Merkit, Turkish motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
  • 1965 – Damien Hirst, English painter
  • 1966 – Zlatko Yankov, Bulgarian football player
  • 1967 – Cristina Adela Foisor, Romanian chess player (d. 2017)
  • 1967 – Yuji Sakakura, Japanese football player
  • 1968 Sarah Parish, English actress
  • 1970 – Cafu, Brazilian football player
  • 1970 – Tomoaki Ogami, Japanese football player
  • 1972 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • 1972 – Kerem Deren, Turkish screenwriter
  • 1973 – Jennie Widegren, Swedish dancer
  • 1975 – Allen Iverson, American basketball player
  • 1975 – İsmail Cem Doğru, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1976 – Mirsad Türkcan, Turkish basketball player
  • 1979 – Catalina Castaño, Colombian tennis player
  • 1981 – Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – German Lux, Argentine football player
  • 1983 – Piotr Malachowski, Polish athlete
  • 1984 – Marcel Schäfer, German football player
  • 1984 – Shu Abe, Japanese football player
  • 1985 – Alejandro Bergantiños García, Spanish football player
  • 1985 – Kenny Cunningham, Costa Rican football player
  • 1988 – Arsène Copa, Gabonese national football player
  • 1988 – Leonardo Ferreira, Brazilian football player
  • 1988 – Michael Cera, Canadian film and television actor
  • 1989 – Berna Koraltürk, Turkish actress
  • 1990 – Iggy Azalea, American rapper and model
  • 1990 – Shinya Awatari, Japanese football player
  • 1992 - Abdul Khalili, Swedish football player
  • 1992 – Jordan Clarkson, American basketball player
  • 1993 – Jordan Fry, American actor
  • 1993 – Takumi Kiyomoto, Japanese football player
  • 1994 – Magsad Isayev, Azerbaijani football player
  • 1995 – Frank Bagnack, Cameroonian football player
  • 1996 – Godfred Donsah, Ghanaian football player
  • 1996 – Makito Hatanaka, Japanese football player
  • 1996 – Ryosuke Shindo, Japanese football player
  • 1997 – Deniz Tekin, Turkish musician and songwriter

Deaths

  • 555 – Vigilius, pope from 29 March 537 until his death in 555
  • 1329 – Robert I, King of Scotland (b. 1274)
  • 1358 – Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese warrior and statesman (b. 1305)
  • 1438 – Barsbay, Sultan (b. 1369)
  • 1492 – IV. Kazimierz Jagiellon, King of Poland (b. 1427)
  • 1660 – II. György Rákóczi, Prince of Erdel (b. 1621)
  • 1821 – Louis Claude Richard, French botanist and plant painter (b. 1754)
  • 1826 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German optical physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1840 – III. Friedrich Wilhelm, king of Prussia from 1797-1840 (b. 1770)
  • 1843 – Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet (b. 1770)
  • 1848 – Vissarion Belinski, Russian writer and literary critic (b. 1811)
  • 1871 – August Immanuel Bekker, German philologist and critic (b. 1785)
  • 1880 – John Brougham, Irish-American actor and playwright (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Edwin Booth, 19th century American actor (b. 1833)
  • 1894 – Nikolay Yadrintsev, Russian explorer, archaeologist, and Turkologist (b. 1842)
  • 1937 – Jean Harlow, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1945 – Nikola Mandić, Prime Minister of the Independent State of Croatia (b. 1869)
  • 1954 – Alan Turing, English mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1960 – Bogoljub Jevtić, Serbian politician and diplomat who served as prime minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (b. 1886)
  • 1966 – Jean Arp, German-French sculptor, painter and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Asaf Çiyiltepe, Turkish theater artist (b. 1934)
  • 1968 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – EM Forster, English novelist, short story, and essayist (b. 1879)
  • 1978 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, English chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Forrest Carter, American author (b. 1925)
  • 1979 – Oğuz Özdeş, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1920)
  • 1980 – Philip Guston, American painter (b. 1913)
  • 1980 – Henry Miller, American author (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Johannes Martinus Burgers, Dutch physicist (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Georgia Hale, American silent film era actress (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Cahit Zarifoğlu, Turkish poet, writer and intellectual (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Dražen Petrović, Croatian basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 1993 – Kurt Weitzmann, German-American art historian (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – Dennis Potter, English writer (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Ahmet Koyuncu, Turkish politician (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
  • 2003 – Selahattin Ülkümen, Turkish diplomat (called “Turkish Shindleri”) (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2004 – Don Potter, English sculptor, potter, and teacher (b. 1902)
  • 2005 – Mehmet Ulusoy, Turkish theater director (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Abu Musab ez-Zarqawi, Jordanian soldier and leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (b. 1966)
  • 2008 – Dino Risi, Italian film director (b. 1916)
  • 2011 – Mietek Pemper, Polish-born German Jew and Holocaust survivor (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Jorge Semprun, Spanish writer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Abdürrahim Karakoç, Turkish poet, writer and intellectual (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Richard Ramirez, American death row serial killer (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Fernandão, Brazilian football player (b. 1978)
  • 2015 – Christopher Lee, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Erol Simavi, Turkish journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Tanju Gürsu, Turkish film actor, screenwriter and director (b. 1938)
  • 2016 – Stephen Keshi, Nigerian goalkeeper and coach (b. 1962)
  • 2017 – Jan Høiland, Norwegian singer (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Deo Rwabiita, Ugandan politician and diplomat (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – David Dauglas Duncan, American anti-war journalist and photojournalist (b. 1916)
  • 2018 – Arie den Hartog, Former Dutch racing cyclist (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – Francis Smerecki, French former football player and manager (b. 1949)
  • 2018 – Viktor Tolmachev, Russian engineer and designer (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Stefan Weber, Austrian art educator, singer (b. 1946)
  • 2019 – Kazım Arslan, Turkish lawyer, businessman and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2019 – Noémi Ban, Hungarian-born American Jewish Holocaust Holocaust survivor educator and activist (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Ryszard Bugajski, Polish film director and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2019 – Nonnie Griffin, Canadian actress and voice actor (b. 1933)
  • 2019 – Elisabeta Ionescu, Romanian handball player (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Hubert Gagnon, Canadian actor and voice actor (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Lynika Strozier, American biologist (b. 1984)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Turkish Sign Language Day (2007)

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