Today in the History of Science: Fire Extinguisher Patented by Thomas Martin

Fire Extinguisher Patent
Fire Extinguisher Patent

May 26 is the 146st day of the year (147nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 219.

Today in the History of Science

  • On May 26, 1872, the fire extinguisher was patented by the American inventor Thomas J. Martin.
  • On May 26, 1874, Thomas A. Edison was granted a patent for the "Automatic Telegraph and Perforators" related device.
  • On May 26, 1903, Granville T. Woods, an American inventor, “received a patent for the Electric Railroad. Woods owned numerous patents related to the electrified railway, electrical equipment, brakes, and telegraphy for railroads.
  • On May 26, 1927, the last Ford Model T motor car ceremonially rolled off the assembly line and was exhibited by its inventor, Henry Ford, at his factory.
  • On May 26, 1931, a microfilm camera was patented by New York City banker George L. McCarthy. He developed the first practical commercial use of microfilm in the 1920s and received a patent in 1925 for the Checkograph machine, designed to make permanent film copies of entire bank records to deter fraud.
  • May 26, 1951 - American astronaut and astrophysicist Sally Ride was born.
  • On May 26, 1954, a funeral ship was discovered by Pharaoh Cheops (aka Khufu) that was built 4.600 years ago to carry his soul to heaven. It was found in a slab-lined pit built from sacred sycamore and cedar trees and next to his pyramid in Giza, Egypt.
  • On May 26, 1969, the Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth after a successful eight-day dress rehearsal for the first manned moon landing.
  • May 26, 1997 - Manfred von Ardenne, German research and application physicist and inventor, dies.

Events

  • 961 – II. Otto ascended the throne of the German Kingdom.
  • 1538 - Jean Calvin and his followers are exiled from Geneva. The French cleric, the founder of Calvinism, established a strict theocratic rule when he returned to Geneva in 1541. He died as "Dictator of Geneva" on May 18, 1564.
  • 1647 - A woman named Alse Young became the first person in the American colonies to be executed for witchcraft. Young was hanged in Hartford.
  • 1832 – Asian cholera epidemic in Québec: About 6000 people die.
  • 1889 - The first elevator of the Eiffel Tower opened to the public.
  • 1894 - The last Tsar of Russia, II. Nicholas was crowned.
  • 1897 - Bram Stoker's world-famous Dracula The novel was published.
  • 1926 – The law regarding the dismissal of civil servants who did not participate in the National Struggle was accepted.
  • 1938 – Atatürk left Ankara for the last time.
  • 1938 – The Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) held its first session.
  • 1957 – 7,1 people died in the 52 magnitude earthquake that occurred in Abant.
  • 1963 – Iskenderun Journalists Association was founded.
  • 1966 – Denizlispor Professional Football Club was established at the General Assembly meeting held in Denizli with the participation of Çelik Yeşilspor Youth and Pamukkale Youth Clubs.
  • 1970 – Soviet Union-built Tupolev Tu-144 supersonic aircraft becomes the first commercial aircraft to exceed Mach 2 speed.
  • 1971 – Poet Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca was arrested.
  • 1971 – Cinematographer Yılmaz Güney was detained.
  • 1972 - The ballistic missile limitation treaty was signed between the USA and the USSR.
  • 1973 – Çetin Altan received the Orhan Kemal Novel Award for his novel "The Great Eye".
  • 1982 – Written by Yılmaz Güney and directed by Şerif Gören Yol Costa Gavras won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Lost (Missing) shared with the movie.
  • 1983 – 12th execution of the 46 September Coup: Abdülaziz Kılıç, who killed the worker Nusret Ateş by hitting his head with a cut on the head and injuring three other workers, was executed on 12 December 1978 in order to steal their money.
  • 1983 – Social Democracy Party (SODEP) founded; Erdal İnönü was elected as the General President.
  • 1992 – Talip Apaydın received the Orhan Kemal Novel Award for his novel “The Villagers”.
  • 1993 – Salman Rushdie Satanic Verses started publishing his book Bright newspaper was collected.
  • 1997 – At the hearing of the Susurluk accident, truck driver Hasan Gökçe was sentenced to pay a fine of 6 million 420 thousand liras and to pay 100 million liras to the family of DYP Şanlıurfa Deputy Sedat Edip Bucak.
  • 1999 – The Eighth Chamber of the Council of State decided to dismiss the headscarved civil servants who do not accept to serve without headscarves, without giving a warning penalty.
  • 2003 – A plane belonging to Ukraine Airlines crashed near Maçka district of Trabzon. On the plane carrying Spanish Peace Corps soldiers, 62 soldiers and 13 crew members were killed.
  • 2006 – The May 6.3 Java Earthquake with a magnitude of 2006 occurred. At least 5749 people were killed, 38.568 injured, and 600.000 people were left homeless in the earthquake.
  • 2008 – Floods started in China, causing 148 deaths.

Births

  • 1564 – Imam-i Rabbani, Indian Islamic scholar and Sufi leader (d. 1624)
  • 1566 – III. Mehmet, 13th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1603)
  • 1623 – William Petty, English economist, scientist, and philosopher (d. 1687)
  • 1650 - John Churchill, English general[2] (d. 1722)
  • 1689 – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (known for her detailed observations of Ottoman society) (d. 1762)
  • 1867 – Mary Teck, Queen of the United Kingdom (d. 1953)
  • 1874 – Henri Farman, English-French pilot and engineer (d. 1958)
  • 1895 – Dorothea Lange, American document photographer (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, Turkish poet, writer and thinker (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – John Wayne, American actor and Academy Award winner for Best Actor (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Jay Silverheels, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Peter Cushing, English actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Rubén González, Cuban pianist (member of Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter and composer (d. 1991)
  • 1931 – Tarık Dursun K., Turkish writer and publisher (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Levon Helm, American rock musician (d. 2012)
  • 1944 – Can Gürzap, Turkish cinema, theater and TV series actor, writer and trainer
  • 1946 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist, composer and producer (d. 1993)
  • 1948 - Stevie Nicks, American singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer
  • 1949 – Jeremy Corbyn, British politician
  • 1951 – Sally Ride, American astronaut and astrophysicist (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Alan Hollinghurst, English writer
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Sidka, German former football player and manager
  • 1954 – Lisbeth Zwerger, Austrian children's book illustrator
  • 1957 – Uğur Yücel, Turkish actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1962 – English singer under the stage name Black (d. 2016)
  • 1964 – Ilkay Akkaya, Turkish musician
  • 1964 – Lenny Kravitz, American singer, songwriter, producer, and arranger
  • 1964 – Nazlı Tosunoğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1966 - Helena Bonham Carter, English actress
  • 1967 – Kristen Pfaff, American bass player (d. 1994)
  • 1968 – Frederik, heir to the Danish throne
  • 1971 – Matt Stone, Jewish-American actor
  • 1973 – Magdalena Kožená, Czech mezzo-soprano
  • 1975 – Suat Suna, Turkish singer
  • 1977 – Luca Toni, Italian football player
  • 1979 – Mehmet Okur, Turkish basketball player
  • 1981 – Anthony Ervin, American swimmer
  • 1981 – Eda-Ines Etti, Estonian singer
  • 1982 – Monique Alexander, American porn star and nude model
  • 1982 – Hasan Kabze, Turkish football player[3]
  • 1982 – Maya Petrova Russian handball player
  • 1983 – Demy de Zeeuw, Dutch former football player
  • 1986 – Àstrid Bergès-Frisbey, Spanish-French actress
  • 1988 – Juan Cuadrado, Colombian national football player
  • 1989 – Tomáš Pekhart, Czech international football player
  • 1991 Julianna Rose Mauriello, American actress
  • 1992 – Jenni Vähämaa, Finnish figure skater

Deaths

  • 946 – Edmund I, King of England from 939 until his death (b. 921)
  • 1421 – Çelebi Mehmet, 5th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1389)
  • 1512 – II. Bayezid, 8th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1447)
  • 1703 – Samuel Pepys, English writer (b. 1633)
  • 1864 – Charles Sealsfield, American journalist (b. 1793)
  • 1877 – Richard Hawes, American politician (b. 1797)
  • 1883 – Abdulkadir Algeria, Algerian people's leader, clergyman, and soldier (b. 1808)
  • 1895 – Ahmed Cevdet Pasha, Turkish statesman and scientist, historian, lawyer and poet (b. 1822)
  • 1908 – Mirza Ghulam Ahmed, founder of the Ahmadi religious movement (b. 1835)
  • 1917 – Boris Drangov, Bulgarian Colonel and war pedagogue (b. 1872)
  • 1933 – Jimmie Rodgers, American country, blues, and folk singer (b. 1897)
  • 1943 – Edsel Ford was president of Ford Motor Company from 1919 to his death in 1943 (b. 1893)
  • 1944 – Christian Wirth, senior German police and SS officer (b. 1885)
  • 1948 – Theodor Morell, German physician (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Emilie Flöge, Austrian fashion designer and businesswoman (b. 1874)
  • 1955 – Alberto Ascari, Italian Formula 1 driver born in Milan (b. 1918)
  • 1969 – Allan Lockheed, American aircraft designer (b. 1889)
  • 1976 – Martin Heidegger, German existentialist philosopher (b. 1889)
  • 1982 – Semra Ertan, Turkish immigrant worker and writer against xenophobia (b. 1956)
  • 1990 – Emil Konopinski, American nuclear scientist (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – İzzettin Ökte, Turkish composer and tanbur player (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Doğan Kasaroğlu, Turkish journalist, politician and TRT General Manager (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Manfred von Ardenne, German research and application physicist and inventor (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Alberto Korda, Cuban photographer (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Eddie Albert, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Sangoulé Lamizana, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) soldier and politician (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Ruth Laredo, American female classical pianist (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Sydney Pollack, American director, producer, actress, and Academy Award winner for Best Director (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Orhan Boran, Turkish radio and television presenter and actor (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Jack Vance, American author (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Vicente Aranda, Spanish film director, producer and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Dumitru Teoderescu, Romanian football director (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Toni Bertorelli, Italian actress (b. 1948)
  • 2017 – Laura Biagiotti, Italian fashion designer and cosmetologist (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Zbigniew Brzezinski, American politician (b. 1928)
  • 2018 – Alan Bean, retired American naval officer and aviator, aircraft engineer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut (b. 1932)
  • 2018 – Pierre Bellemere, French writer, novelist, radio broadcaster, television presenter, television producer, director and actor (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Ted Dabney, American electronics engineer (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Abdullatif ez Zein, Lebanese politician (b. 1932)
  • 2019 – Eşref Kolçak, Turkish television and film actor and theater actor (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Stephen Thorne, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Prem Tinsulanonda, retired Thai military officer (b. 1920)
  • 2020 – Michael Athans, Greek-American professor (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Samvel Gasparov, Russian film director and short story writer (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Richard Herd, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Irmgard Hermann, German actress and assistant director (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – İsmail Hakkı Karadayı, Turkish general and 22nd Chief of General Staff (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Vladimir Lopuhin, Russian economist and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Christian Mbulu, English football player (b. 1996)
  • 2021 – Abdul Wahab Al-Dailami, Yemeni politician (b. 1938)
  • 2021 – Tarcisio Burgnich, Italian former international football player (b. 1939)
  • 2021 – Arturor de Jesús Correa Toro, Colombian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1941)
  • 2021 – Heidi Ferrer, American screenwriter and actress (b. 1970)
  • 2021 – Ben Kruger, South African actor and writer (b. 1957)
  • 2021 – Kay Lahusen, US photojournalist (b. 1930)
  • 2021 – Sureni Senarath, Sri Lankan actress of theatre, film and television (b. 1959)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Mother's Day (Poland)

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