Today in the History of Science: Happy International Women Mathematicians Day

Women's Mathematicians Day
Women's Mathematicians Day

May 12 is the 132st day of the year (133nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 233.

Today in the History of Science

  • May 12, 1951 - The first hydrogen bomb test, devastating power 100 times that of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was tested at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
  • May 12, 2017 French physicist, bureaucrat and politician Louis Boyer died.

Olaylar

  • 1621 – Piteå became a city in Sweden.
  • 1820 – The founder of modern nursing, English nurse Florence Nightingale, who also worked in Selimiye Barracks in Üsküdar during the Crimean War, was born in Florence, Italy. She was nicknamed "The Lady with the Lamp", she.
  • 1871 - The Paris Commune granted alimony to women in case of separation.
  • 1881 – In Tunisia occupied by the French, the Tunisian French Protectorate was established with the Treaty of Bardo.
  • 1916 – James Connolly, pioneer of the Easter Rising that declared Ireland's independence from the United Kingdom and one of Ireland's first Marxist labor leaders, is shot.
  • 1925 – The anti-communist law, the Peace Preservation Law, comes into effect to suppress political dissent en masse in the Empire of Japan.
  • 1929 – First Medicine Day was celebrated at Haydarpaşa Medical Faculty.
  • 1940 – In Kırkpınar Oil Wrestling, Hüseyin from Tekirdağ became the head wrestler for the sixth time.
  • 1947 – The “Them Group”, composed of 10 artists who grew up in the Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu Atelier of the Istanbul Academy of Fine Arts, was founded.
  • 1949 – The Soviet Union's 11-month blockade of Berlin is lifted.
  • 1965 – Hurricane hits East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh): over 10 thousand people died.
  • 1965 - The Soviet spacecraft "Luna 5" crashes into the lunar surface.
  • 1965 – Diplomatic relations established between West Germany and Israel.
  • 1967 – Turhan Feyzioğlu and his friends, who left the CHP, founded the Trust Party.
  • 1967 – Pink Floyd group held the first "quadrophonic" rock concert in the world at the "Queen Elizabeth Hall" in the United Kingdom. In the quadraphonic system, the sound was sent to four separate speaker groups through four separate channels.
  • 1976 – The request of the Palestine Liberation Organization to open an office in Turkey was accepted.
  • 1978 – By the Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Turkey, morality lessons, curriculum programs and textbooks taught in high schools were abolished.
  • 1978 – YIBA Bazaar in Ankara's Dışkapı district burned down due to a tube explosion: 49 people died, 100 were injured.
  • 1979 – TÜSİAD placed a full-page advertisement in the newspapers titled “The Realistic Way Out”, criticizing the Ecevit Government.
  • 1992 – Nelson Mandela turned down the International Atatürk Peace Prize due to human rights disruptions.
  • 1994 – The missing Deputy Head of the Ministry of Health Inspection Board Namık Erdoğan was found dead with two bullets in his head.
  • 1998 – As a result of the joint work of the Dutch and Turkish police in Istanbul, 10 trillion lira worth of heroin and opium gum belonging to Nizamettin Baybaşin, the son of international drug smuggler Hüseyin Baybaşin's uncle, which was intended to be sent to Italy and the Netherlands by sea, was seized.
  • 1998 – Akın Birdal, President of the Human Rights Association, who was attacked with an armed attack, was seriously injured.
  • 2001 – The Telecom Law, which enables the privatization of Türk Telekom, was approved by the Turkish Grand National Assembly with 209 votes.
  • 2002 – Jimmy Carter, one of the former US Presidents, went to Cuba. Carter became the first political figure to have served as the President of the United States to visit Cuba since the 1959 revolution.
  • 2005 – In the trial of Abdullah Öcalan, the ECtHR ruled that Turkey violated three articles of the European Convention on Human Rights, which regulates fair trial, prolonged detention, death penalty and trial. The court recommended that Abdullah Öcalan be retrial.
  • 2006 – The “Press and Freedom of Thought Award” given annually by Stern magazine in Germany was given to Hrant Dink, Editor-in-Chief of Agos Newspaper.
  • 2006 – The embargo imposed by the West on the Hamas Government hit the Palestinian people with hunger.
  • 2005 – Taşucu Atatürk House was opened in Taşucu.
  • 2008 – Sichuan earthquake in China: About 70.000 people died.
  • 2010 – A visa agreement was signed between Russia and Turkey.

births

  • 1670 – II. August, king of Poland (d. 1733)
  • 1806 – Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish writer and statesman (d. 1881)
  • 1812 – Edward Lear, English artist, illustrator, musician, writer, and poet (d. 1888)
  • 1820 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse and hospital reformer (d. 1910)
  • 1820 John Casey, Irish geometer (d. 1891)
  • 1842 Jules Massenet, French composer (d. 1912)
  • 1855 – Anatoli Lyadov, Russian composer (d. 1914)
  • 1879 – Muhamedjan Tınıshpayev, Kazakh engineer and activist
  • 1906 – Samed Vurgun, Azerbaijani poet (d. 1956)
  • 1907 – Katherine Hepburn, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, English chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Julius Rosenberg, American spy (d. 1953)
  • 1921 – Cor van der Hoeven, former Dutch football player (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – Hüseyin Alp, Turkish basketball player (d. 1983)
  • 1937 – George Carlin, American comedian (d. 2008)
  • 1940 – Abbas Abdulla, Azerbaijani poet (d. 2019)
  • 1942 – Ian Dury English rock and roll singer, songwriter and bandleader, and actor (d. 2000)
  • 1942 – Michel Fugain, French singer and composer
  • 1945 – Alan Ball, Jr., English former international football player and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Pascal Clément, French politician (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Daniel Libeskind, Polish-American architect, artist, and stage designer
  • 1948 Lindsay Crouse, American actress
  • 1950 – Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor
  • 1950 – Renate Stecher, East German former sprinter
  • 1955 – Piotr Bikont, Polish policy writer, journalist, food expert, and theater director (d. 2017)
  • 1958 - Massimo Briaschi, Italian former football player
  • 1959 – Ving Rhames, American stage and film actor
  • 1961 – Rafael Aranda, architect of Catalan origin
  • 1962 – Emilio Estévez, American actor, film director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Çelik Erişçi, Turkish musician, singer and composer
  • 1966 – Stephen Baldwin, American actor, director, producer, and writer
  • 1966 – Bebel Gilberto, Brazilian singer
  • 1966 - Deborah Kara Unger, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – Paul D'Amour, American musician
  • 1968 – A. Galip, Turkish poet, critic, writer and philosopher
  • 1968 – Emin Gursoy, Turkish actor
  • 1968 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder
  • 1970 – Samantha Mathis, American actress
  • 1972 – Pınar Aylin, Turkish singer
  • 1974 – Tolga Çevik, Turkish comedian and actor
  • 1976 – Turgut Tunçalp, Turkish theater and film actor
  • 1977 – Graeme Dott, Scottish professional snooker player
  • 1977 – Onur Saylak, Turkish actor and director
  • 1978 – Malin Akerman, Canadian model and actress
  • 1978 - Jason Biggs, American actor
  • 1978 – Hussein Rezazade, Iranian politician, former weightlifter
  • 1978 - Amy Sloan, Canadian actress
  • 1981 – Astrix, Israeli psychedelic DJ
  • 1981 – Rami Malek, American actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor
  • 1982 – Esra Erol, Turkish presenter and TV host
  • 1983 – Igor De Camargo, Brazilian-born Belgian football player
  • 1983 – Domhnall Gleeson, Irish actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1983 – Baykal Kulaksızoğlu, Turkish-Swiss football player
  • 1984 – Ceyda Sinan, Turkish female basketball player
  • 1985 – Dániel Tőzsér, Hungarian former national football player
  • 1986 – Emily VanCamp, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Marcelo, Brazilian football player
  • 1990 – Florent Amodio, French figure skater
  • 1990 – Melih Mahmutoğlu, Turkish basketball player
  • 1992 – Erik Durm, German football player
  • 1992 – Malcolm David Kelley, American actor

Weapon

  • 705 – Abdulaziz bin Marwan, governor of Egypt (b. 649)
  • 1003 – II. Sylvester served as Pope from 2 April 999 until his death in 1003 (b. 946)
  • 1700 – John Dryden, English poet, critic, translator, and playwright (b. 1631)
  • 1859 – Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (b. 1791)
  • 1884 – Bedřich Smetana, Czech composer (b. 1824)
  • 1897 – Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter, engraver, lithographer and designer (b. 1822)
  • 1916 – James Connolly, Irish Marxist labor leader and Easter Rising pioneer (b. 1868)
  • 1918 – Vasily Radlof, Russian orientalist (b. 1837)
  • 1919 – Tahsin Nahit, Turkish poet and playwright (Mîna Urgan's father) (b. 1887)
  • 1927 – Vilhelm Thomsen, Danish linguist and Turkologist (b. 1842)
  • 1957 – Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-born film director and actor (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Nelly Sachs, German poet, author, and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Arkady Plastov, Russian Soviet painter, one of the pioneers of the socialist realism movement (b. 1893)
  • 1973 – Monika Ertl, German documentary filmmaker and director, activist and member of an armed organization (b. 1937)
  • 1985 – Jean Debuffet, French painter (b. 1901)
  • 1994 – Eldar Hasanov, National Hero of Azerbaijan (b. 1965)
  • 1995 – Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Saul Steinberg, American cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Alexei Tupolev, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Didi, Brazilian football player (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Perry Como, American singer (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Ömer Kavur, Turkish film director (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Selahattin Hilav, Turkish philosopher, writer and translator (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Irena Sendler, Polish Humanitarian (b. 1910)
  • 2008 – Robert Rauschenberg, American painter, sculptor, photographer, printmaker, and performance artist (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Harrison Chongo, Zambian national football player (b. 1969)
  • 2012 – Eddy Paape, Belgian comic writer (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Kenneth Waltz, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Cornell Borchers, Lithuanian-born German actor (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – HR Giger, surrealist painter, sculptor and set designer and film director (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Selim Sesler, Turkish musician and clarinet virtuoso (b. 1957)
  • 2015 – Cecil Jones Attuquayefio Ghanaian national football player and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Mike Agostini, track and field athlete from Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1935)
  • 2016 – Twitter Basaran, Turkish theater and film actor (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Susannah Mushatt Jones, American tallest living person (b. 1899)
  • 2017 – Louis Boyer, French physicist, bureaucrat, and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – Mauno Koivisto, Finland's ninth president (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – Henri Termeer, American biotechnologist, administrator, and entrepreneur (b. 1946)
  • 2017 – Yu So-Chow Chinese actress and opera singer (b. 1930)
  • 2017 – Oleksandr Zadorojniy, Ukrainian politician (b. 1960)
  • 2018 – Tessa Jowell, British Labor Party politician (b. 1947)
  • 2018 – Antonio Mercero, Spanish television director and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2019 – Machiko Kyō, Japanese actress (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Nasrallah Boutros Sefir, Lebanese Christian senior cleric (b. 1920)
  • 2020 – Renée Claude, Canadian actress and pop singer (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Morris Hood III, American politician (b. 1965)
  • 2020 – Astrid Kirchher, German photographer artist (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Clarence Mini, South African doctor, anti-apartheid activist, freedom fighter, human rights activist (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Michel Piccoli, French film actor (b. 1925)
  • 2020 – Ernest Vinberg, Soviet-Russian mathematician (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Mischa de Vreede, Dutch poet and writer (b. 1936)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Nurses Day
  • International Day of Women Mathematicians

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