Today in the History of Science: William Ford Gets His Stethoscope Patent

William Ford Stethoscope
William Ford Stethoscope

May 9 is the 129st day of the year (130nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 236.

Today in the History of Science

  • The first cinema exhibition was opened by Thomas Alva Edison on May 9, 1893.
  • On May 9, 1962, a laser beam bounced off the moon from Earth by MIT scientists. The area of ​​the light beam on the surface was estimated.
  • On May 9, 1960, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the pill for birth control use.
  • On May 9, 1882, a stethoscope of the now classical design, invented by William F. Ford, received a US patent.
  • May 9, 1931 - Albert Abraham Michelson, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate, dies.

Events

  • 1485 – Davutpaşa High School was founded by the Grand Vizier Davut Pasha under the name 'Mekteb-i Sübyan'. The school turned into the Rüşdiye Mektebi in 1847.
  • 1868 - The city of Reno was founded in Nevada.
  • 1926 - American explorer Admiral Richard E. Byrd made the first flight to the North Pole.
  • 1935 – The Fourth Great Congress of the Republican People's Party convened. In the congress, the word "party" was adopted instead of "party". Six Arrows is covered in more detail. By saying, "All these principles followed by the party are the principles of Kemalism"; Kemalism was officially defined for the first time.
  • 1936 - Benito Mussolini proclaims the Fascist Empire of Italy.
  • 1936 - Italy formally annexes Ethiopia.
  • 1945 - Victory Day, II. The day declared and celebrated by the Soviet Union, when Nazi Germany signed the unconditional surrender at the end of World War II.
  • 1945 – Hermann Göring, Chief of the Nazi secret service Gestapo, Reichstag and Air Force Commander, is captured by the US 7th Army.
  • 1950 - Europe Day, in 1950 Robert Schumann introduced the idea of ​​a united Europe, indispensable for Europe's security. Known as the Schuman Declaration, this presentation laid the foundations for the European Union. Then, at the 1985 Milan Summit, it was decided to celebrate 9 May as Europe Day.
  • 1955 – Mother's Day was celebrated for the first time in Turkey.
  • 1955 - West Germany joins NATO.
  • 1960 - The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves the introduction of the first birth control pill.
  • 1970 – Around 75000-100000 anti-war protesters, mostly college students, demonstrated in Washington for the United States to end the Vietnam War.
  • 1971 – It was decided to admit female students to Darüşşafaka High School.
  • 1975 – 13 students were injured in student clashes in Ankara and Mersin Teachers' Schools. Gazi Education Institute was closed for 10 days.
  • 1978 – The body of former Prime Minister Aldo Moro, kidnapped by the Red Brigades in Italy on March 16, was found in the trunk of a car in Rome.
  • 1978 – A group opened fire on students leaving their classes at Yıldız Technical University: 3 people were killed, 12 people were injured.
  • 1979 – All goldsmiths and jewelers in Istanbul shuttered down to protest the government's decision to control the gold market.
  • 1984 – Yaşar Kemal was awarded the French State Order “Legion d'Honneur”.
  • 1987 – A Polish Airlines passenger plane crashes just after taking off from Warsaw for New York: 183 people are killed.
  • 1988 – PKK activists raided Behmenin hamlet of Taşköyü in Mardin's Nusaybin district, killed 8 people, including 2 children and 11 women, 2 children were seriously injured. Three people kidnapped by the activists during the Şırnak raid were also found dead.
  • 2000 – The interrogation of 9 people, including the perpetrators of Uğur Mumcu's assassination, continues. Ankara State Security Court Prosecutor Hamza Keleş stated that important information has been obtained regarding the unsolved murders.
  • 2000 – Susurluk suspects and Alaattin Çakıcı were tried at Istanbul SSC on the same day.
  • 2000 – Süleyman Demirel, who wrote farewell letters to nearly 80 Presidents before leaving the Çankaya Mansion; He did not include Hafez Assad, Muammar Gaddafi, Saddam Hussein, Slobodan Milošević and Pervez Musharraf on his list.
  • 2000 – State Minister Recep Önal announced that they aim to increase the trade volume between Turkey and Syria to over 1 billion dollars.
  • 2000 – Turkish athletes won two gold, four silver and three bronze medals at the 17th International Szeged Rowing Championships held in Hungary and prepared for the Olympic qualifications. Our rowers became the team that won the most medals in the history of Turkish Rowing.
  • 2000 – The 50th anniversary of the Schuman Declaration was celebrated by the European Union institutions.
  • 2001 – 130 people died in a stampede during a football match in Accra, the capital of Ghana.
  • 2002 – Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit, who continued his work at home after being discharged, said that he would not 'resign from his job'.

Births

  • 1147 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, founder and first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate (d. 1199)
  • 1661 – Jahandar Shah, eighth shah of the Mughal Empire (d. 1713)
  • 1740 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (d. 1816)
  • 1746 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1777 – Johannes Søbøtker, merchant in the Danish West Indies (d. 1854)
  • 1800 – John Brown, American anti-slavery rebel leader (d. 1859)
  • 1814 – John Brougham, Irish-American actor and playwright (d. 1880)
  • 1837 – Adam Opel, founder of Opel, German businessman (d. 1895)
  • 1843 – Anton von Werner, German painter (d. 1915)
  • 1860 – James Matthew Barrie, American author (d. 1937)
  • 1860 – William Kemmler, American convicted murderer (first person executed by the electric chair) (d. 1890)
  • 1866 – Léon Bakst, Russian artist (d. 1924)
  • 1870 – Hans Baluschek, German painter, graphic artist, and writer (d. 1935)
  • 1874 – Howard Carter, English archaeologist (d. 1939)
  • 1882 – Yossele Rosenblatt, Ukrainian-born cantor and composer (d. 1933)
  • 1883 – Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher (d. 1955)
  • 1895 – Richard Barthelmess, American film actor (b. 1963)
  • 1907 – Baldur von Schirach, Hitler Youth leader in Nazi Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1909 Gordon Bunshaft, American architect (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Richard Adams, English writer (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Sinan Erdem, Turkish volleyball player and President of the Turkish National Olympic Committee (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Knut Andersen, Norwegian film director and actor (d. 2019
  • 1934 – Asuman Arsan, Turkish actress (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Albert Finney, English actor (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Glenda Jackson, English politician, actress, and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress
  • 1937 - Rafael Moneo, Spanish architect
  • 1940 – James L. Brooks, American producer, screenwriter, and director
  • 1944 – Veli Küçük, Turkish soldier and retired Gendarmerie Brigadier General
  • 1945 – Jupp Heynckes, German football player and manager
  • 1945 – Jamal al-Gitani, Egyptian poet, writer, and journalist (d. 2015)
  • 1946 - Candice Bergen, American actress
  • 1947 – Yukiya Amano, Japanese politician and diplomat (d. 2019)
  • 1948 – Tania Maria, Brazilian composer, pianist, jazz and pop artist
  • 1949 Billy Joel, American rock musician and songwriter
  • 1950 – Marcheline Bertrand, American actress (d. 1927)
  • 1951 – Alley Mills, American actress
  • 1952 – Hakan Altıner, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1952 – Zdeněk Nehoda, Czech football player
  • 1956 – Frank Andersson, Swedish wrestler and TV entertainer (d. 2018)
  • 1957 – Fulvio Collovati, Italian national football player
  • 1959 – János Áder, Hungarian lawyer and politician
  • 1959 – Ulrich Mathes, German film and television actor
  • 1961 – John Corbett, American actor and country music singer
  • 1962 – David Gahan, English singer and lead singer of Depeche Mode
  • 1964 – Frank Pingel, a Danish former international football player.
  • 1968 – Hardy Krüger Jr., Swiss-born German actor
  • 1968 – Marie-José Pérec, French athlete
  • 1969 – Amber Cremers, German-Dutch female singer, songwriter and record producer
  • 1969 – Deniz Özerman, Turkish cinema and theater actor
  • 1970 – Ghostface Killah, American rapper, member of the Wu-Tang Clan
  • 1972 – Lisa Ann, American porn star
  • 1972 – Anna-Louise Plowman, New Zealand actress
  • 1976 – Nazan Eckes, Turkish-German television presenter and actress
  • 1977 – Marek Jankulovski, Czech former football player
  • 1978 – Bebe, Spanish musician
  • 1978 – Leandro Cufre, Argentine football player
  • 1979 – Pierre Bouvier, French-Canadian musician
  • 1979 - Rosario Dawson, American actress and singer
  • 1979 – Esin Harvey, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1980 – Nicolae Dică, Romanian former football player
  • 1980 – Carolin Kebekus, German comedian and actress
  • 1982 – Rachel Boston, American actress and producer
  • 1982 – Kim Jung-woo, South Korean football player
  • 1984 – Berk Cankat, Turkish actor and graphic designer
  • 1987 – Kévin Gameiro, French national football player
  • 1991 – Majlinda Kelmendi, Kosovar-Albanian judoka
  • 1992 – Dan Burn is an English footballer.
  • 1993 – Ryosuke Yamada, Japanese artist

Deaths

  • 1618 – Nicolò Donato, the 93rd duchy of the Republic of Venice with the title of “Doche” (b. 1539)
  • 1707 – Dietrich Buxtehude, German composer and organist (b. 1637)
  • 1805 – Friedrich Schiller, German poet and philosopher (b. 1759)
  • 1862 – Theodor Bilharz, German physician (b. 1825)
  • 1914 – Paul Héroult, French scientist (b. 1863)
  • 1919 – James Reese Europe, American Ragtime and early Jazz composer, bandleader, and arranger (b. 1880)
  • 1942 – Vedat Tek, Turkish architect (b. 1873)
  • 1968 – Finlay Currie, Scottish film actor (b. 1878)
  • 1976 – Ulrike Meinhof, German revolutionary (b. 1934)
  • 1977 – James Jones, American author (b. 1921)
  • 1978 – Aldo Moro, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1916)
  • 1979 – Gabriel Ramanantsoa, ​​Malagasy politician (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Edmond O'Brien, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Alice Faye, American singer and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Hashim Nezihi Okay, Turkish poet (b. 1904)
  • 2001 – Nikos Sampson, Greek Cypriot politician and leader of EOKA-B (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – Sinan Sofuoğlu, Turkish motorcycle racer (b. 1982)
  • 2010 – Lena Horne, American singer, actress, dancer, and civil rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Farzad Kamangar, Iranian Kurdish teacher, poet, journalist, trade unionist, human rights activist, and social worker (b. 1975)
  • 2011 – Lidia Gueiler Tejada, President of Bolivia from November 16, 1979 to July 17, 1980 (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Wouter Weylandt, Belgian athlete (b. 1984)
  • 2013 – Ottavio Missoni, Italian fashion designer and businessman (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Selim Sesler, Turkish musician and clarinet virtuoso (b. 1957)
  • 2015 – Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier, statesman and painter (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Elizabeth Wilson, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – Christopher Boykin, American musician, entertainer, and producer (b. 1972)
  • 2017 – Robert Miles, Swiss-Italian composer, record producer, musician, DJ (b. 1969)
  • 2017 – Michael Parks, American singer and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2018 – Poldine Carlo, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 2018 – Omar Davud Libyan former international football player (b. 1983)
  • 2019 – Abul Khayr Alonto, Filipino politician, lawyer, and businessman (b. 1945)
  • 2019 – Vasily Blagov, Soviet-Russian figure skater (b. 1954)
  • 2019 – Sergey Dorenko, Russian television journalist and news reporter (b. 1959)
  • 2019 – Clement von Franckenstein, English actor (b. 1944)
  • 2019 – Arif Malikov, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer (b. 1933)
  • 2019 – Alvin Sargent, American screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Freddie Starr, English actor, comedian, and rock singer (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Jan Aling, Dutch long-distance off-road cyclist (b. 1949)
  • 2020 – Carlos José, Brazilian singer and songwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Ahmed Kurd, Palestinian politician and cleric (b. 1949)
  • 2020 – Little Richard, American singer, musician, and songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Kristina Lugn, Swedish poet and writer (b. 1948)
  • 2020 – Abraham Palatnik, Brazilian artist and inventor (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Geno Silva, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2021 – Neil Connery, Scottish actor (b. 1938)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Victory Day (Soviet Union)
  • Europe Day (5 May and 9 May)
  • World Statistics Day

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