One of the most surprising astronomical phenomena ever was Supernova 1054. M1 - the Crab Nebula - was formed by a supernova explosion. But in 1054 AD, the year it happened, it was one of only eight supernovae documented in the history of the Milky Way, and it was a very bright star in the sky. Yet only the other half of the literate population realized it. SN 1054 was primarily documented in the East, particularly in China, and was virtually unknown in Western literature. A few Byzantine coins may give a subliminal clue about him in the most unlikely of circumstances.
At least, it's a new theory, according to a global team of researchers who have published their findings in the European Journal of Science and Theology. Although there is no recorded evidence that SN 1054 was found elsewhere in the Christian world, the Byzantine Emperor IX. On a special edition of a coin made by Constantine, they discovered that the emperor had two stars around his head.
The new bright star in the sky was easily seen by scientists in China, Japan and the Islamic world. So why didn't Christians do it?
This question has been the subject of debate in the astronomy community for many years, and no clear solution has been found. However, the prevailing view is that Christian intellectuals feared to stir up too much controversy within the church by pointing to a change in what was then believed to be the perfect and untouchable heavens. At that time, theological dogma dominated the Christian world, and challenging any aspect of it could result in excommunication and even death.
Anyone with the courage would risk such a fate with no real return.
Therefore, it is even more intriguing if a metalworker or perhaps one of the other timid scholars had the courage to create it.
The Constantine IX Monomachos Class IV coin, which has two stars as opposed to the single star shown on the other three classes of coins made during the monarch's reign, was discovered by researchers to be a special edition.
Class IV contains two observable stars on either side of the monarch's head and is considered to have been produced between the summer of 1054 and the spring of 1055. The ruler's head is said to represent the sun, while a star is thought to represent it. Morning Star Venus. But the other star may be the "guest star" of supernova SN 1054, as Chinese observers call it.
Additionally, the star sizes of the 36 coins from that year, which researchers were able to collect in museums around the world, differ slightly. The researchers also think that the star's changing size may be a reflection of the gradual fading of the supernova in the background during this time.
If that were the case, it would be a very light but powerful tribute to the astonishing astronomical truth that occurred at that moment. However, in ancient history it can be difficult to distinguish fact from conjecture. The authors admit that they are not aware of the quantity and exact dates of the Class IV coins produced, and that they do not have solid evidence that the second star was a major astronomical event.
But many romantics like to think that after taking something that would have been considered a huge risk at the time, more than 1000 years later a team of scientists finally understood why they did it.
While the factual basis of the story is still in doubt, we can still appreciate it.