The World Health Organization has published a list of chemicals that are the greatest source of danger to health. Asbestos, benzene, cadmium, ammonia, mercury, lead are among these substances. Air pollution also took a separate line on the list. The World Health Organization accepts that it is not possible to completely abandon the use of harmful chemicals for health in the current development stage of the industry. But the exposure of human beings to toxic substances in daily life can be minimized.
It is the environment that kills people. Everything, including plastic material products, cosmetics, water, food, includes chemicals. Some are not healthy or at least not harmful. But since most of the compounds of chemical substances are toxic, they cause the death of millions of people in the world every year.
For example, asbestos is a fibrous mineral. It is stronger than the highest quality steels and does not dissolve in water, does not react. It is resistant to the effects of ozone, oxygen and the radiation of the Sun. For this, it is used in the machinery industry, pipe and tile production, and road construction. However, when asbestos fibers enter the human organism by respiration, they cause lung, larynx and ovarian cancer.
The campaign to ban the use of asbestos began in the late 20th century. Currently, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Japan. The use of asbestos in the economy is prohibited in the European Union. In other countries, only long fiber asbestos types with weak carcinogenic effects are allowed to be used. However, old road pavement containing asbestos continues to have a negative impact on everything short-fiber asbestos, as buildings are not rebuilt.
Or take the heavy metals on the list of harmful substances made by the World Health Organization. Noting that even though its negative effects on human health are already known, it is widely used as before, and the expert İrina İlnko said:
Heavy metals are extremely toxic substances because they remain in the human organism constantly. Lead and cadmium are heavy metals. The kidneys and urinary organs are most sensitive to the effects of cadmium. Even substances with a high lead content interfere with the psychic development of a person. It has negative effects on women during pregnancy and children in the first period after birth. Adults are also adversely affected by lead.
There is no lead concentration, which can be non-hazardous to humans. Lead can enter the human organism through the air and through the skin. Even so, the products of the course are still used. Fishing tools, printing letters, ceramic smugglers are covered with glaze. Even the walls of old houses can be a source of health hazards. Today, the production of lead-containing paints is prohibited. However, such paint types were very common some time ago. For this reason, even in newly repaired old houses, the negative effects of the leaded substrates of the wall paint are preserved.
Cadmium is used in the production of accumulators. The coating of yellow threaded rods is cadmium. Mercury is used in the production of thermometers and energy-saving light bulbs. Mercury is harmless to humans when under glass. However, serious problems arise when the thermometer or light bulb falls to the ground and breaks. It is dangerous to health to stay in this room even for a month after the mercury has been collected and the floor has been washed.
More and more information is being gained on the adverse health effects of chemicals that were previously considered "friends of man". Fluoride is one of these substances. When it was proven to prevent tooth decay in high doses, he added his tooth match, mouthwash. The addition of fluoride to water and milk has even begun. But it has been shown to cause a large amount of deterioration of tooth enamel and skeletal bones. Also, the difference between the rates with positive and negative effects is not big.
It is clear that chlorine has a severe toxic effect. It was used as a poison gas during the First World War. Chlorine began to be used to disinfect water, as it destroyed many types of microbes. As a result, incidences of cholera and intestinal diseases were greatly reduced. But chlorine can react like other chemicals. Yuriy Rahman, director of the Human Ecology Research Institute, said in many cases this would have sad consequences.
Substances formed as a result of chlorination of water can be a source of serious problems. For example, 11 out of 6 compounds that can be formed when chlorinating water containing aniline are carcinogenic and mutagenic. According to American data from the 1980s, these substances, which are formed when water is chlorinated, cause an increase in cancer incidences by 5% to 5%.
While the World Health Organization has published a list of substances harmful to health, it does not offer solutions to the problem. Obviously, many of the chemicals came into life and took a permanent place. For this reason, it is not possible to abandon their use if they are not replaced by new ones. However, it is possible to minimize the effects of toxic substances in daily life. One way is to carefully read the labels on the bottle in order to obtain information on the qualities and effects of chemicals used in cosmetics and household works, and not to use the ones that are harmful to health even though they are effective.