According to a study by Dartmouth and SUNY Polytechnic Institute researchers, Italian physicist Ettore Majorana laid the foundation for the discovery that electrons can be split in half. About a century from now, researchers speculate that split photons may also exist. The finding that the building blocks of light can exist in previously indivisible form formed the basic understanding. In this article, the phenomenon of "Photons Can Be Divided" is tried to be explained.
The Split Photon Known as the "Majorana Boson"
"This is a major paradigm shift in light not believed to be possible," said Professor of Physics James Frank and researcher Lorenza Viola. It also reveals how we should understand it from another angle.
“Not only did we find a new physical entity, it was something that no one believed could exist.” he continues to explain.
Similar to how liquid water turns into ice or vapor under certain conditions, the research shows that light can also exist in a different phase.
In other words, the phase in which photons appear as two separate halves is mentioned. Viola says, “Water is water, regardless of its liquid or solid state. Just depending on environmental factors, his physical behavior may also be different.” said. This is how we need to approach our understanding of light. It can exist in different stages, such as matter. ”
Instead of physically separable parts, each half of a photon behaves similarly to different sides of a coin.
Two different parts make up a whole, but they can be defined and function as separate units. Dr. "Each photon can be thought of as the sum of two different halves," said Vincent Flynn.
The first author of the article states: “We were able to identify the conditions to isolate these halves from each other.”
The research is based on the fundamentals of physics. Particles are of two different types. These are fermions and bosons. Fermions, like electrons, tend to be lonely, breaking apart at all costs.
Like photons, bosons tend to clump together. Therefore, it was natural for researchers to assume that splitting bosons would be an insurmountable task.
Dartmouth theory is based on cavities that are connected and filled with quantum light packets, leaking and emitting energy.
The research leads to the conclusion that particle halves appear at the edges of such a synthetic platform.
Majorana Boson Discovered
In other words, he had reached the conclusion that "The Majorana Boson Has Been Discovered".
"Our discovery provides the first clue that a previously unknown topological phase of light and matter may exist that is home to Majorana bosons," said Flynn.
The theoretical finding is based on the 1937 prediction of the existence of neutral, electron-like particles known as Majorana fermions.
In 2001, researchers proposed a specific process for how electrons can actually be halved in certain superconductors. But the photon had remained indivisible until now.
According to the research team, Majorana bosons can be viewed as distant relatives of Majorana fermions.
Physics Assist. Assoc. "Fermions and bosons are as different as two things that can happen in physics," said Emilio Cobanera.
“Actually, the particles are distorted images of each other. The presence of Majorana fermions was our main clue that the Majorana boson was hiding somewhere in the amusement park mirror.”
Confirmation of the Majorana boson will require a laboratory experiment observing photon halves. Unlike the massive structures built to detect the famous Higgs boson, an experiment can be done on a tabletop to detect photon halves. Such an experiment could use existing or near-term technologies.
The team found that Majorana bosons are resistant to experimental defects and can be identified by different signatures.
While it is difficult to predict how the findings might apply, these features could support the development of new types of quantum information processors, optical sensors and light amplifiers.
So, as always, physicists do their work first. They also offer the opportunity for the development of these skin cases to the fields of application.
The research also shows the way to reveal a new, exotic phase of matter and light.
"To be able to make this discovery, we had to challenge long-standing solid scientific knowledge and really think outside the box," Viola said. “We have divided what was previously thought to be indivisible, and we will never look at light the same way from now on.”
If further experimental studies reveal this result, we can say that this new phenomenon has begun to enter into the process of enactment.