Cogeneration or cogeneration, which represents the combination of heat and power, appears as the most effective factor that brings the energy and heat needs to the optimum level in the days when demand and supply are constantly increasing. Cogeneration enables all kinds of systems to increase their heat and electrical efficiency by up to 90 percent.
Cogeneration, which is based on the production of heat and electricity together, significantly reduces energy costs and facilitates meeting demand. Cogeneration envisions focusing the heat demand of the applications on which the systems depend, thus maximizing the benefit.
While the said system can be a building with a heating or cooling system, an industrial facility or a residential unit, the efficiency of a cogeneration facility can be increased by 90 percent thanks to the beneficial use of heat.
Cogeneration provides energy savings of 15-40 percent compared to electricity and heat provided from power plants or boilers that produce based on traditional methods.
Cogeneration offers many benefits as well as the ability to optimize energy supply for all types of consumers.
– Cogeneration, which appears as the most effective method of energy conversion, increases efficiency in energy conversion and use,
– The emission rate of greenhouse gases, especially CO2, is decreasing,
– Reducing costs increases competitiveness in industry and commercial areas,
– By decentralizing electricity generation and making it spread across the country, it makes the power plants meet the use of local consumers. In this way, transmission loss is eliminated and flexibility in system usage increases. This is especially true in systems where natural gas is an energy source.
The system, which prevents consumers from being deprived of electricity or heating, also significantly increases local and general supply security.
The development of cogeneration systems will bring new business opportunities.
According to Eurostat data, the European Union (EU) provided 2011 percent of its electricity production from cogeneration in 11.2.
While Latvia leads with 47.4 percent in cogeneration production among European countries, Denmark ranks second with 46.2 percent.
While cogeneration production is not carried out in Malta, countries that are new in this field, such as Greece, also offer great opportunities for the development of the market.
Many countries expect to exploit the great potential in the modernization process by integrating existing and advanced heat transmission systems with electricity transmission.
Source : ntvmsnbc