Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko is a British naturalized Russian asylum seeker and former Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) officer specializing in the fight against organized crime. One of the leading critics of Russian President Vladimir Putin advised British intelligence and used the term "mafia state".
Alexander Litvinenko was born on August 30, 1962.
In November 1998, Litvinenko and several other FSB officers accused their superiors of ordering the assassination of Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky. Litvinenko was arrested the following March on charges of overstepping his authority. He was acquitted in November 1999, but was re-arrested before charges were again dismissed in 2000. He fled to London with his family and was granted asylum in the United Kingdom, where he worked as a journalist, writer and consultant in the British intelligence services.
While in Boston in Lincolnshire, Litvinenko wrote two books that greatly angered Russia:
Insider Terrorism and the Lubyanka Crime Group accused Russian secret services of orchestrating the 1999 Russian apartment bombings and other acts of terrorism in an effort to bring Vladimir Putin to power. He also accused Putin of ordering the assassination of Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya in 2006.
FSB agent Litvinenko, who specializes in organized crime, accused the Putin administration of "illegal activities". Litvinenko, who was arrested and released twice on charges of "abuse of office", sought asylum in the UK in 2000. Litvinenko, polonium 210 radioactive substance He died on 23 November 2006 as a result of poisoning.
Let's Get to Know Polonium 210 Radioactive Substance
Polonium-210 (210Po, Po-210, historically radium F) is an isotope of polonium. It undergoes alpha decay to stable 138.376Pb with a half-life of 4 days (approximately 1+2⁄206 months), the longest of all naturally occurring polonium isotopes.
First described in 1898, which also marks the discovery of the element polonium, 210Po is produced in the decay chain of uranium-238 and radium-226. 210Po is a prominent pollutant in the environment, affecting mostly seafood and tobacco. Its extreme toxicity is attributed to intense radioactivity that can seriously harm humans.
If we go back to our article;
Sir Robert Owen, Chairman of the Independent Commission, which is investigating Litvinenko's death, announced the report on the subject. “The FSB operation that killed Litvinenko was likely sanctioned by FSB Chairman Nikolay Patrushev and President Putin,” the report said.
On November 1, 2006, Litvinenko suddenly fell ill and was hospitalized after polonium-210 poisoning; He died of poisoning on November 23. The events leading up to it are a matter of debate, spawning numerous theories about his poisoning and death. A British murder investigation pointed to Andrey Lugovoy, a former member of the Russian Federal Protective Service (FSO), as the prime suspect. Dmitry Kovtun was later chosen as the second suspect.
The United Kingdom demanded the extradition of Lugovoy, but because the Russian constitution forbade the extradition of Russian citizens, Russia refused the extradition, leading to strained relations between Russia and the United Kingdom.
After Litvinenko's death, his wife Marina, assisted by biologist Alexander Goldfarb, ran a vigorous campaign through the Litvinenko Foundation for Justice.
In October 2011 she won the right to open an investigation into her husband's death by a London coroner; The investigation was repeatedly undone with issues related to examineable evidence.
A public investigation began on January 27, 2015, and it was concluded that the murder of Litvinenko in January 2016 was carried out by two suspects, and that they "probably" acted under the chairmanship of the fsb and with the approval of president Vladimir Putin and then the director of the FSB, Nikolai Patrushev. .
In the 2021 Carter v. Russia case, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Russia was responsible for his death and ordered the country to pay 100.000 Euros in compensation.
Source : Wikipedia