The enzyme designed by artificial intelligence decomposes the plastic in a few days. The enzyme developed by artificial intelligence can decompose plastic waste in a short time, which takes hundreds or thousands of years to decompose under normal conditions. The enzyme designed by artificial intelligence decomposes the plastic in a few days. Thus, another step has been recorded in the way of Solution to Environmental Problems.
In recent years, many researches aiming to eliminate this problem through scientific means have been carried out. According to a new study published in the journal Nature, an artificial intelligence program developed by scientists has succeeded in developing an enzyme that breaks down plastic into its components in just a few days. The enzyme introduced in the research paper is a ''enzyme'', which is widely used to manufacture fabrics and food and beverage packaging.polyethylene terephthalate', or in short, breaks down the PET material into its chemical building blocks.
The use of plastic has become widespread throughout the world in the last forty years. Today, it has spread to every corner of the planet, from snowflakes falling in the Arctic to huge garbage islands forming in the Pacific Ocean, and has become one of the most serious environmental threats. The vast majority of the 400 million metric tons of plastic waste produced each year ends up in landfills or natural environments, where it waits for hundreds of years before decomposing.
INNOVATION IN RECYCLING METHOD
Scientists first discovered in 2005 that a type of enzyme called 'hydrolase' can break down the molecular chains that make up PET-type plastics. Since then, various researches have been carried out in order to develop enzymes that repeat the same process. based in France carbios company is one of the organizations focused on establishing a facility that can transform PET waste for the same purpose.
The results of the researchers emphasize that the materials decomposed into building blocks can be converted back into plastic, creating an ideal plastic recycling process. “We hope this research will lead to new ways to create a plastics-recycled economy,” says Hal Alper, a professor of chemical engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, USA, and co-author of the study.
The new enzyme produced makes it an inexpensive recycling alternative that uses low energy, as it can perform the decomposition process at room temperature. Another advantage is that it does the job in a short time. Hal Alper and his colleagues started their research with an enzyme called 'Petase' produced by some bacteria and developed artificial intelligence software that will enable the enzyme to work quickly and at low temperatures. As a result of long studies, the enzyme they produced was able to break down plastic bottles and containers in 24 to 48 hours.
In a statement, Alper states that they continue their research on scaling this process under more favorable conditions for the industry and applying the same method on other types of plastic waste. He adds that this method used has the hope of offering a real solution for the future.